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apa bibliographies Cite your work in four easy steps! Fast and free citation generator. APA 6th ed. • MLA 8th ed. • Chicago 16th ed. To create a citation, select your source above in comparison essays Step 1 or watch this video tutorial. You have no saved citations in this bibliography . Copy the case stroke occupational, information below in your paper according to the Guide on the right. Use your own page numbers. In-text citations are required when you use someone else's ideas, theories or research in your paper. Examples: (choose depending if author and/or date is mentioned in text) The bones were very fragile (Cole, 2011, p. 13). Cole (2011) found that The bones were very fragile (p. 33).
In 2011, Cole found that The bones were very fragile (p. 33). The bones broke easily because they were porous (Cole, 2011). Cole (2011) discovered that the bones broke easily. In 2011, Cole found that the bones were easily broken (p. 33).
Note: APA style encourages the inclusion of page numbers for paraphrases, but it is not mandatory. Include page or paragraph numbers if it will help reader find the information.) No authors : Use the title in place of movie comparison author. Marriage In America Essays? Shorten title if needed. Movie Comparison Essays? Use double quotation marks for title of an article, a chapter, or a web page. Use italics for title of a periodical, a book, a brochure or a report. the observations found (Arctic Voyage, 2014) the book Vitamin Discoveries (2013) Two or more authors : Within the text use the word and . If the authors' names are within parentheses use the symbol. Cole and patient therapy, Dough (1998) argued . . if they were left to their own devices.(Cole Dough, 1998) Three to five authors : Include all authors' last names the first time the citation is used. Movie Book Comparison? If you use the same citation again within the same paragraph, use only the first last name followed by 'et al'. If you used the citation again omit the year. First time: Cole, Dough and Ferris (1998) explained. Establish? Second time: Cole et al. (1998) proved . Third time: Cole et al. demonstrated.
Six or more authors: Include only the last name of the movie essays, first author followed by marriage and family essays et al. (Wasserstein et al., 2010) Spell out the name in full the movie book essays, first time and abbreviate subsequent times only if abbreviation is well known. First time: American Psychological Association (1998) explained. Second time: APA (1998) proved . When quoting always provide author, year and specific page citation or paragraph number for how to a source in an, nonpaginated material. If the quotation is less than 40 words incorporate it into the text and enclose the quotation with quotation marks. Book? Cite the source immediately after the close of the quotation marks. If the authors are named in on best friend in sanskrit the text, they do not have to book be used in the citation. In fact, a neurosis is characterized by in america anxiety (Kristen Warb, 2012, p. 157). A neurosis is characterized by anxiety, according to book comparison essays Kristen and Warb's (2012, p. 157) longitudinal study. If the quotation is over questions, 40 words, you must indent the entire quotation and start the quotation on a new line. No quotation marks are required.
Cite the quoted source after the final punctuation mark. Alberta is occasionally divided into two regions, Northern Alberta and Southern Alberta. Book Essays? The majority of Alberta's population is in sanskrit located in large urban cities, mostly located in the South. Alberta is Canada's most populous Province of all three Canadian prairie provinces. Edmonton is the Capital of movie book comparison Alberta. (Hern, 1996, p. 22)
APA style encourages the inclusion of page numbers, but it is not mandatory. Marriage And Family In America? Include page or paragraph numbers if it will help reader find the information. If the document does not contain page numbers, include paragraph numbers. If neither is available omit page and paragraph numbers. Do not count paragraph numbers. When paraphrasing from multiple sources, include all authors name in parentheses in alphabetical order.
In-text citations are called parenthetical references in MLA. This involves placing information about the movie book essays, source in parentheses after a quote or a paraphrase. The information in the parenthetical references must match the corresponding information in the list of works cited. The purpose of list higher parenthetical references is to indicate to readers not only what works you used, but what you used from each source and where in movie comparison essays the source you found the material. This can be done by list questions inserting a parenthetical reference in your text at the spot where you have used the source's ideas or words. Movie Comparison? You should keep parenthetical references as brief and as few as clarity and accuracy permit. Author's last name followed by the page number referenced in work. These are placed in parentheses at end of sentence before period.
The Soviets were surrounded by friend in sanskrit enemies (Waters 119). If author's name is in text only use the page number, it is not necessary to movie book comparison essays repeat the author's name. Waters argues that the Soviets were surrounded by enemies (119). Authors – Identification of higher english essay questions source. Essays? Group or corporate authors : use full name of group or a shortened form. (Natl. Research Council 15) Do not use abbreviations such as ed. or trans. No author : use a few words of the title. (The evolving internet) Two authors : Use last name of both, no comma. Essays? (Black and Mondoux 123) Three authors : (Eddison, Zhu, and movie book essays, Lalonde) More than three authors : Give all the last names or just the first and et al. for the rest (Becker et al. In America Essays? 13) (Becker, Lafontaine, Robins, Given, and comparison, Rush 13) If your work cited page contains multiple references by the same author, include the ways to say essay will, author's last name and a full or shortened title of their work and the page number. (Feder, The Birth of a Nation 124) Location of passage within source. give relevant page number if available give volume and page number in movie book a multivolume work if citing entire work omit page numbers for electronic works use paragraph numbers or other reference number (Louis par. List Higher Essay? 20) film, television, broadcasts cannot be cited by numbers.
Placement of parenthetical reference in text. You should generally put the parenthetical reference at the end of a sentence and as close as possible to the material referred to. The parenthetical reference goes before the punctuation mark. Cole found that The bones were very fragile (33-34). If the quotation is over 4 lines, you must indent the whole quotation and start the quotation on a new line. No quotation marks are required. Comparison? Notice the placement of the other to say this essay discuss, period is before the brackets for long quotations. Alberta is occasionally divided into two regions, Northern Alberta and Southern Alberta.
The majority of Alberta's population is located in large urban cities, mostly located in movie essays the South. Alberta is Canada's most populous Province of ethos essay all three Canadian prairie provinces. Edmonton is the book, Capital of Alberta. (Herick 22) In Chicago style, footnotes or endnotes are used to reference pieces of work in marriage essays the text. To cite from a source a superscript number is movie book comparison essays placed after a quote or a paraphrase. Citation numbers should appear in sequential order. Each number then corresponds to occupational therapy a citation, a footnote or to an endnote. Endnotes must appear on an endnotes page.
The page should be titled Notes (centered at top). This page should appear immediately before the bibliography page. Footnotes must appear at essays the bottom of the page that they are referred to. Cole found that The bones were very fragile (33-34). 1. Each superscript then refers to a numbered citation in the footnotes or endnotes. And Family In America Essays? The first time the in-text reference is movie essays cited you must include, author's first name, author's last name, title, place of publication, publisher name, year and referenced pages. e.g. 1. James Smith, The first and last war , (New York, Hamilton, 2003), 2. If the citation has already been cited it may be shortened to author's last name, shortened title, and page referenced number. e.g. 2. Smith, The first , 220-221. If the citation has been referenced immediately prior, the note may be shortened even further to establish ibid with the page number. e.g. For each author-date citation in the text, there must be a corresponding entry in the reference list under the same name and date.
An author-date citation in running text or at the end of a block quotation consists of the last (family) name of the author, followed by book the year of publication of the work in question. In this context, author may refer not only to one or more authors or an institution but also to one or more editors, translators, or compilers. No punctuation appears between author and date. List English? Abbreviations such as ed. or trans. Essays? are omitted. (Schuman and Scott 1987) When a specific page, section, equation, or other division of the work is cited, it follows the date, preceded by a comma. When a volume as a whole is referred to, without a page number, vol. is case stroke patient occupational used. For volume plus page, only a colon is comparison essays needed. The n in the Fischer and Siple example below indicates note (see 14.164).
The last example shows how one might cite a section of a work that contains no page or section numbers or other numerical signposts—the case for some electronic documents (see 15.8). (LaFree 2010, 413, 417–18) (Johnson 1979, sec. Will? 24) Fowler and Hoyle 1965, eq. 87) (Garcia 1987, vol. 2) (Garcia 1987, 2:345) (Barnes 1998, 2:354–55, 3:29) (Fischer and Siple 1990, 212n3) (Hellman 1998, under The Battleground) The following features have been recently added to Citefast: Edit and delete citations Copy and paste functionality Citations will be saved for 24 hours A short wizard to book comparison guide you through the site the first time you use it Updated interface for inputting citation information Ability to create In-text citations In-text guide for APA, MLA and Chicago citations Export your bibliography to Word Add editor and chapter information to bibliography for case study occupational, book More tool tips to make entering data easier. Thank you to comparison essays all those who emailed us with their suggestions for ethos essay, improvements. Sign up for a free account and keep your citations! (Otherwise after four days of inactivity your citations will be deleted.) Want to keep your citations for movie book essays, longer and access them from other computers? Already have an account?
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Movie book comparison essay pdf 0 76 Кб
odyssey hubris essay In William Cronon, ed., Uncommon Ground: Rethinking the Human Place in Nature , New York: W. W. Comparison Essays. Norton Co., 1995, 69-90. The time has come to rethink wilderness. This will seem a heretical claim to many environmentalists, since the idea of wilderness has for decades been a fundamental tenetindeed, a passionof the essay environmental movement, especially in the United States. For many Americans wilderness stands as the essays last remaining place where civilization, that all too human disease, has not fully infected the earth. It is an island in the polluted sea of urban-industrial modernity, the one place we can turn for escape from in america, our own too-muchness. Seen in this way, wilderness presents itself as the best antidote to our human selves, a refuge we must somehow recover if we hope to save the planet. As Henry David Thoreau once famously declared, “In Wildness is the preservation of the World.” (1) But is it? The more one knows of its peculiar history, the movie comparison more one realizes that wilderness is not quite what it seems. Far from being the one place on earth that stands apart from humanity, it is quite profoundly a human creationindeed, the creation of very particular human cultures at very particular moments in human history.
It is not a pristine sanctuary where the last remnant of an untouched, endangered, but still transcendent nature can for at least a little while longer be encountered without the list higher english questions contaminating taint of civilization. Book Comparison Essays. Instead, it’s a product of that civilization, and could hardly be contaminated by the very stuff of which it is essay on best friend in sanskrit, made. Wilderness hides its unnaturalness behind a mask that is all the movie book more beguiling because it seems so natural. As we gaze into the mirror it holds up for us, we too easily imagine that what we behold is Nature when in fact we see the reflection of our own unexamined longings and desires. For this reason, we mistake ourselves when we suppose that wilderness can be the solution to our culture’s problematic relationships with the nonhuman world, for wilderness is itself no small part of the problem. To assert the unnaturalness of english, so natural a place will no doubt seem absurd or even perverse to many readers, so let me hasten to movie essays, add that the nonhuman world we encounter in wilderness is far from being merely our own invention. I celebrate with others who love wilderness the beauty and power of the things it contains. Each of how to in an essay, us who has spent time there can conjure images and movie book, sensations that seem all the more hauntingly real for having engraved themselves so indelibly on our memories. Such memories may be uniquely our own, but they are also familiar enough be to be instantly recognizable to others.
Remember this? The torrents of mist shoot out from the base of a great waterfall in the depths of a Sierra canyon, the tiny droplets cooling your face as you listen to the roar of the water and gaze up toward the sky through a rainbow that hovers just out of reach. Remember this too: looking out across a desert canyon in the evening air, the only sound a lone raven calling in list higher essay, the distance, the rock walls dropping away into a chasm so deep that its bottom all but vanishes as you squint into the amber light of the setting sun. And this: the moment beside the trail as you sit on movie comparison, a sandstone ledge, your boots damp with the morning dew while you take in credit, the rich smell of the pines, and the small red foxor maybe for you it was a raccoon or a coyote or a deerthat suddenly ambles across your path, stopping for movie book essays, a long moment to gaze in your direction with cautious indifference before continuing on its way. Marriage In America Essays. Remember the movie comparison feelings of such moments, and you will know as well as I do that you were in the presence of something irreducibly nonhuman, something profoundly Other than yourself Wilderness is made of that too. And yet: what brought each of us to a source in an, the places where such memories became possible is entirely a cultural invention. Go back 250 years in American and European history, and you do not find nearly so many people wandering around remote corners of the planet looking for what today we would call “the wilderness experience.” As late as the eighteenth century, the movie book most common usage of the word “wilderness” in the English language referred to landscapes that generally carried adjectives far different from the ones they attract today. To be a wilderness then was to be “deserted,” “savage,” “desolate,” “barren”in short, a “waste,” the word’s nearest synonym.
Its connotations were anything but positive, and the emotion one was most likely to feel in its presence was “bewilderment” or terror. (2) Many of the word’s strongest associations then were biblical, for it is used over and over again in the King James Version to refer to essay in sanskrit, places on the margins of civilization where it is all too easy to lose oneself in moral confusion and despair. The wilderness was where Moses had wandered with his people for forty years, and where they had nearly abandoned their God to worship a golden idol. (3) “For Pharaoh will say of the Children of Israel,” we read in Exodus, “They are entangled in the land, the wilderness hath shut them in.” (4) The wilderness was where Christ had struggled with the devil and endured his temptations: “And immediately the Spirit driveth him into the wilderness. And he was there in the wilderness for forty days tempted of Satan; and movie book comparison essays, was with the wild beasts; and the angels ministered unto him.” (5) The “delicious Paradise” of John Milton’s Eden was surrounded by “a steep wilderness, whose hairy sides /Access denied” to all who sought entry.” When Adam and essay on best friend, Eve were driven from that garden, the world they entered was a wilderness that only their labor and pain could redeem. Wilderness, in short, was a place to which one came only against one’s will, and always in fear and book comparison, trembling. Whatever value it might have arose solely from the possibility that it might be “reclaimed” and turned toward human endsplanted as a garden, say, or a city upon a hill. (7) In its raw state, it had little or nothing to offer civilized men and women. But by the end of the nineteenth century, all this had changed. Essay Questions. The wastelands that had once seemed worthless had for some people come to seem almost beyond price. Movie. That Thoreau in 1862 could declare wildness to be the preservation of the world suggests the sea change that was going on. How To Credit. Wilderness had once been the antithesis of all that was orderly and goodit had been the darkness, one might say, on the far side of the garden walland yet now it was frequently likened to movie essays, Eden itself.
When John Muir arrived in the Sierra Nevada in 1869, he would declare, “No description of marriage in america essays, Heaven that I have ever heard or read of seems half so fine.” (8) He was hardly alone in expressing such emotions. Movie Comparison Essays. One by one, various corners of the American map came to be designated as sites whose wild beauty was so spectacular that a growing number of ethos essay, citizens had to visit and see them for themselves. Niagara Falls was the first to undergo this transformation, but it was soon followed by the Catskills, the Adirondacks, Yosemite, Yellowstone, and others. Yosemite was deeded by the U. S. government to movie, the state of California in 1864 as the nation’s first wildland park, and Yellowstone became the first true national park in to say this, 1872. Movie Book. (9) By the first decade of the twentieth century, in the single most famous episode in on best in sanskrit, American conservation history, a national debate had exploded over whether the city of San Francisco should be permitted to augment its water supply by damming the Tuolumne River in Hetch Hetchy valley, well within the boundaries of Yosemite National Park. The dam was eventually built, but what today seems no less significant is that so many people fought to prevent its completion. Even as the fight was being lost, Hetch Hetchy became the baffle cry of an emerging movement to essays, preserve wilderness. Fifty years earlier, such opposition would have been unthinkable. Few would have questioned the merits of “reclaiming” a wasteland like this in order to put it to credit a source essay, human use. Movie Book Comparison. Now the defenders of Hetch Hetchy attracted widespread national attention by establish ethos, portraying such an act not as improvement or progress but as desecration and vandalism. Lest one doubt that the old biblical metaphors had been turned completely on their heads, listen to movie comparison, John Muir attack the dam’s defenders. “Their arguments,” he wrote, “are curiously like those of the devil, devised for the destruction of the first gardenso much of the very best Eden fruit going to to say this discuss, waste; so much of the best Tuolumne water and Tuolumne scenery going to waste.” (10) For Muir and the growing number of Americans who shared his views, Satan’s home had become God’s Own Temple.
The sources of this rather astonishing transformation were many, but for the purposes of this essay they can be gathered under two broad headings: the sublime and the frontier. Movie Book Essays. Of the two, the essay on best in sanskrit sublime is the older and book comparison essays, more pervasive cultural construct, being one of the most important expressions of that broad transatlantic movement we today label as romanticism; the frontier is more peculiarly American, though it too had its European antecedents and parallels. The two converged to credit, remake wilderness in their own image, freighting it with moral values and cultural symbols that it carries to this day. Indeed, it is movie book essays, not too much to say that the modern environmental movement is itself a grandchild of romanticism and post-frontier ideology, which is why it is no accident that so much environmentalist discourse takes its bearings from the ethos wilderness these intellectual movements helped create. Although wilderness may today seem to be just one environmental concern among many, it in fact serves as the foundation for a long list of movie book essays, other such concerns that on their face seem quite remote from it. That is why its influence is so pervasive and, potentially, so insidious. To gain such remarkable influence, the concept of wilderness had to become loaded with some of the deepest core values of the credit culture that created and movie book comparison, idealized it: it had to become sacred. This possibility had been present in wilderness even in the days when it had been a place of spiritual danger and moral temptation.
If Satan was there, then so was Christ, who had found angels as well as wild beasts during His sojourn in the desert. In the wilderness the boundaries between human and nonhuman, between natural and on best friend, supernatural, had always seemed less certain than elsewhere. This was why the essays early Christian saints and mystics had often emulated Christ’s desert retreat as they sought to experience for themselves the visions and list higher english essay, spiritual testing He had endured. One might meet devils and run the risk of losing one’s soul in such a place, but one might also meet God. For some that possibility was worth almost any price. By the movie eighteenth century this sense of the wilderness as a landscape where the supernatural lay just beneath the surface was expressed in the doctrine of the sublime, a word whose modern usage has been so watered down by study occupational therapy, commercial hype and tourist advertising that it retains only book comparison essays a dim echo of its former power. (11) In the theories of Edmund Burke, Immanuel Kant, William Gilpin, and others, sublime landscapes were those rare places on earth where one had more chance than elsewhere to glimpse the face of God. (12) Romantics had a clear notion of where one could be most sure of having this experience. Study. Although God might, of course, choose to show Himself anywhere, He would most often be found in those vast, powerful landscapes where one could not help feeling insignificant and being reminded of one’s own mortality.
Where were these sublime places? The eighteenth century catalog of their locations feels very familiar, for movie book, we still see and english, value landscapes as it taught us to do. God was on the mountaintop, in the chasm, in the waterfall, in the thundercloud, in the rainbow, in movie book comparison essays, the sunset. One has only to think of the sites that Americans chose for their first national parksYellowstone, Yosemite, Grand Canyon, Rainier, Zionto realize that virtually all of them fit one or more of ways discuss, these categories. Less sublime landscapes simply did not appear worthy of comparison essays, such protection; not until the 1940s, for instance, would the list essay first swamp be honored, in Everglades National Park, and to book, this day there is no national park in the grasslands. (13) Among the best proofs that one had entered a sublime landscape was the credit a source in an essay emotion it evoked. For the early romantic writers and artists who first began to book comparison essays, celebrate it, the sublime was far from being a pleasurable experience.
The classic description is that of William Wordsworth as he recounted climbing the Alps and crossing the Simplon Pass in his autobiographical poem “The Prelude.” There, surrounded by crags and waterfalls, the poet felt himself literally to be in the presence of the divineand experienced an emotion remarkably close to list, terror: The immeasurable height. Of woods decaying, never to be decayed, The stationary blasts of waterfalls, And in movie book comparison, the narrow rent at questions, every turn. Winds thwarting winds, bewildered and forlorn, The torrents shooting from the clear blue sky, The rocks that muttered close upon our ears, Black drizzling crags that spake by book essays, the way-side. As if a voice were in them, the this essay discuss sick sight.
And giddy prospect of the raving stream, The unfettered clouds and region of the Heavens, Tumult and peace, the darkness and the light. Were all like workings of comparison essays, one mind, the features. Of the same face, blossoms upon one tree; Characters of the great Apocalypse, The types and symbols of Eternity, Of first, and last, and midst, and without end. (14) This was no casual stroll in the mountains, no simple sojourn in the gentle lap of nonhuman nature.
What Wordsworth described was nothing less than a religious experience, akin to in an, that of the Old Testament prophets as they conversed with their wrathful God. The symbols he detected in this wilderness landscape were more supernatural than natural, and they inspired more awe and dismay than joy or pleasure. No mere mortal was meant to linger long in such a place, so it was with considerable relief that Wordsworth and his companion made their way back down from the peaks to the sheltering valleys. Lest you suspect that this view of the sublime was limited to timid Europeans who lacked the comparison American know-how for feeling at home in marriage and family in america essays, the wilderness, remember Henry David Thoreau’s 1846 climb of Mount Katahdin, in movie comparison essays, Maine. Other To Say This Essay Will Discuss. Although Thoreau is regarded by many today as one of the great American celebrators of wilderness, his emotions about Katahdin were no less ambivalent than Wordsworth’s about the movie Alps. It was vast, Titanic, and case stroke patient occupational therapy, such as man never inhabits. Movie Essays. Some part of the beholder, even some vital part, seems to escape through the loose grating of his ribs as he ascends. He is case study patient occupational, more lone than you can imagine . Vast, Titanic, inhuman Nature has got him at disadvantage, caught him alone, and pilfers him of some of his divine faculty. She does not smile on essays, him as in essay, the plains. She seems to say sternly, why came ye here before your time? This ground is not prepared for movie, you.
Is it not enough that I smile in the valleys? I have never made this soil for thy feet, this air for thy breathing, these rocks for thy neighbors. I cannot pity nor fondle thee here, but forever relentlessly drive thee hence to marriage, where I am kind. Why seek me where I have not called thee, and then complain because you find me but a stepmother? (15) This is surely not the way a modern backpacker or nature lover would describe Maine’s most famous mountain, but that is because Thoreau’s description owes as much to movie comparison essays, Wordsworth and other romantic contemporaries as to marriage in america, the rocks and clouds of Katahdin itself. Movie Comparison Essays. His words took the physical mountain on which he stood and transmuted it into an icon of the sublime: a symbol of God’s presence on earth. The power and the glory of that icon were such that only a prophet might gaze on it for long. In effect, romantics like Thoreau joined Moses and the children of case study stroke patient, Israel in Exodus when “they looked toward the wilderness, and behold, the glory of the Lord appeared in the cloud.” (16) But even as it came to embody the awesome power of the movie comparison sublime, wilderness was also being tamednot just by those who were building settlements in its midst but also by those who most celebrated its inhuman beauty. Higher. By the second half of the nineteenth century, the terrible awe that Wordsworth and essays, Thoreau regarded as the appropriately pious stance to to say this discuss, adopt in the presence of their mountaintop God was giving way to a much more comfortable, almost sentimental demeanor.
As more and more tourists sought out the wilderness as a spectacle to be looked at and enjoyed for its great beauty, the sublime in effect became domesticated. The wilderness was still sacred, but the religious sentiments it evoked were more those of movie book, a pleasant parish church than those of a grand cathedral or a harsh desert retreat. The writer who best captures this late romantic sense of a domesticated sublime is undoubtedly John Muir, whose descriptions of stroke patient occupational, Yosemite and the Sierra Nevada reflect none of the anxiety or terror one finds in book essays, earlier writers. Here he is, for marriage in america, instance, sketching on North Dome in Yosemite Valley: No pain here, no dull empty hours, no fear of the past, no fear of the future. These blessed mountains are so compactly filled with God’s beauty, no petty personal hope or experience has room to be. Drinking this champagne water is book comparison essays, pure pleasure, so is breathing the living air, and every movement of limbs is pleasure, while the body seems to list essay questions, feel beauty when exposed to it as it feels the campfire or sunshine, entering not by book comparison essays, the eyes alone, but equally through all one’s flesh like radiant heat, making a passionate ecstatic pleasure glow not explainable. The emotions Muir describes in Yosemite could hardly be more different from Thoreau’s on Katahdin or Wordsworth’s on establish ethos essay, the Simplon Pass. Book Comparison. Yet all three men are participating in higher, the same cultural tradition and contributing to book essays, the same myththe mountain as cathedral. The three may differ in the way they choose to and family in america essays, express their pietyWordsworth favoring an awe-filled bewilderment, Thoreau a stern loneliness, Muir a welcome ecstasybut they agree completely about the church in which they prefer to worship.
Muir’s closing words on North Dome diverge from his older contemporaries only in mood, not in their ultimate content: Perched like a fly on this Yosemite dome, I gaze and sketch and bask, oftentimes settling down into book comparison essays, dumb admiration without definite hope of ever learning much, yet with the longing, unresting effort that lies at the door of hope, humbly prostrate before the vast display of God’s power, and eager to offer self-denial and renunciation with eternal toil to learn any lesson in the divine manuscript. (17) Muir’s “divine manuscript” and Wordsworth’s “Characters of the great Apocalypse” are in ways this discuss, fact pages from the same holy book. The sublime wilderness had ceased to be place of satanic temptation and comparison essays, become instead a sacred temple, much as it continues to be for those who love it today. But the and family in america essays romantic sublime was not the movie book essays only cultural movement that helped transform wilderness into a sacred American icon during the nineteenth century. No less important was the powerful romantic attraction of primitivism, dating back at least to ways this essay will, of that the best antidote to the ills of an overly refined and civilized modern world was a return to simpler, more primitive living. In the United States, this was embodied most strikingly in movie comparison, the national myth of the frontier. The historian Frederick Jackson Turner wrote in in an, 1893 the classic academic statement of this myth, but it had been part of American cultural traditions for well over a century. As Turner described the process, easterners and European immigrants, in movie book, moving to the wild unsettled lands of the frontier, shed the trappings of civilization, rediscovered their primitive racial energies, reinvented direct democratic institutions, and by other ways essay discuss, reinfused themselves with a vigor, an independence, and a creativity that the source of American democracy and national character. Seen in this way, wild country became a place not just of religious redemption but of movie essays, national renewal, the quintessential location for experiencing what it meant to be an American. One of Turner’s most provocative claims was that by the 1890s the frontier was passing away.
Never again would “such gifts of other ways this essay will, free land offer themselves” to the American people. Movie Essays. “The frontier has gone,” he declared, “and with its going has closed the first period of American history.” (18) Built into establish ethos essay, the frontier myth from its very beginning was the notion that this crucible of American identity was temporary and would pass away. Those who have celebrated the frontier have almost always looked backward as they did so, mourning an older, simpler, truer world that is book comparison, about to disappear, forever. That world and all of its attractions, Turner said, depended on free landon wilderness. Thus, in the myth of the vanishing frontier lay the seeds of wilderness preservation in friend, the United States, for if wild land had been so crucial in book, the making of the nation, then surely one must save its last remnants as monuments to the American pastand as an insurance policy to higher english, protect its future. It is no accident that the movement to set aside national parks and wilderness areas began to gain real momentum at movie, precisely the time that laments about the passing frontier reached their peak. To protect wilderness was in a very real sense to protect the nation’s most sacred myth of origin. Among the core elements of the frontier myth was the powerful sense among certain groups of Americans that wilderness was the last bastion of rugged individualism. Turner tended to stress communitarian themes when writing frontier history, asserting that Americans in primitive conditions had been forced to band together with their neighbors to form communities and democratic institutions. On Best Friend. For other writers, however, frontier democracy for communities was less compelling than frontier freedom for individuals. Movie Essays. (19) By fleeing to in sanskrit, the outer margins of settled land and societyso the story ranan individual could escape the confining strictures of civilized life.
The mood among writers who celebrated frontier individualism was almost always nostalgic; they lamented not just a lost way of life but the passing of the heroic men who had embodied that life. Thus Owen Wister in the introduction to his classic 1902 novel The Virginian could write of “a vanished world” in which “the horseman, the cow-puncher, the last romantic figure upon our soil” rode only “in his historic yesterday” and would “never come again.” For Wister, the cowboy was a man who gave his word and kept it (“Wall Street would have found him behind the book essays times”), who did not talk lewdly to english, women (“Newport would have thought him old-fashioned”), who worked and played hard, and whose “ungoverned hours did not unman him.” (20) Theodore Roosevelt wrote with much the same nostalgic fervor about the “fine, manly qualities” of the “wild rough-rider of the book comparison plains.” No one could be more heroically masculine, thought Roosevelt, or more at home in the western wilderness: There he passes his days, there he does his life-work, there, when he meets death, he faces it as he has faced many other evils, with quiet, uncomplaining fortitude. Brave, hospitable, hardy, and adventurous, he is the grim pioneer of our race; he prepares the this essay way for the civilization from before whose face he must himself disappear. Hard and movie book, dangerous though his existence is, it has yet a wild attraction that strongly draws to it his bold, free spirit. Stroke Therapy. (21) This nostalgia for a passing frontier way of life inevitably implied ambivalence, if not downright hostility, toward modernity and all that it represented. If one saw the wild lands of the frontier as freer, truer, and more natural than other, more modern places, then one was also inclined to see the cities and factories of urban-industrial civilization as confining, false, and artificial. Movie Book. Owen Wister looked at the post-frontier “transition” that had followed “the horseman of the plains,” and did not like what he saw: “a shapeless state, a condition of men and manners as unlovely as is that moment in the year when winter is gone and spring not come, and the face of Nature is ugly.” (22) In the list english questions eyes of writers who shared Wister’s distaste for modernity, civilization contaminated its inhabitants and absorbed them into the faceless, collective, contemptible life of the crowd. For all of its troubles and dangers, and despite the fact that it must pass away, the frontier had been a better place. If civilization was to be redeemed, it would be by men like the Virginian who could retain their frontier virtues even as they made the transition to post-frontier life.
The mythic frontier individualist was almost always masculine in book comparison essays, gender: here, in essay on best, the wilderness, a man could be a real man, the rugged individual he was meant to be before civilization sapped his energy and threatened his masculinity. Wister’s contemptuous remarks about movie essays Wall Street and Newport suggest what he and many others of his generation believedthat the comforts and seductions of civilized life were especially insidious for men, who all too easily became emasculated by case study stroke occupational, the feminizing tendencies of civilization. More often than not, men who felt this way came, like Wister and Roosevelt, from movie book comparison, elite class backgrounds. The curious result was that frontier nostalgia became an how to, important vehicle for expressing a peculiarly bourgeois form of antimodernism. The very men who most benefited from book essays, urban-industrial capitalism were among those who believed they must escape its debilitating effects. Marriage In America. If the frontier was passing, then men who had the means to do so should preserve for themselves some remnant of its wild landscape so that they might enjoy the regeneration and renewal that came from sleeping under the book comparison essays stars, participating in marriage, blood sports, and movie, living off the land. The frontier might be gone, but the frontier experience could still be had if only wilderness were preserved. Thus the essay on best friend in sanskrit decades following the Civil War saw more and more of the book comparison nation’s wealthiest citizens seeking out wilderness for themselves.
The elite passion for wild land took many forms: enormous estates in the Adirondacks and credit a source in an, elsewhere (disingenuously called “camps” despite their many servants and amenities), cattle ranches for would-be rough riders on the Great Plains, guided big-game hunting trips in the Rockies, and book essays, luxurious resort hotels wherever railroads pushed their way into sublime landscapes. Wilderness suddenly emerged as the landscape of other ways to say this, choice for elite tourists, who brought with them strikingly urban ideas of the book comparison countryside through which they traveled. For them, wild land was not a site for productive labor and not a permanent home; rather, it was a place of to say essay will discuss, recreation. One went to movie book, the wilderness not as a producer but as a consumer, hiring guides and other backcountry residents who could serve as romantic surrogates for the rough riders and hunters of the frontier if one was willing to ways this essay will discuss, overlook their new status as employees and servants of the rich. Movie Book Essays. In just this way, wilderness came to embody the national frontier myth, standing for the wild freedom of America’s past and seeming to represent a highly attractive natural alternative to the ugly artificiality of modern civilization. The irony, of course, was that in the process wilderness came to reflect the very civilization its devotees sought to escape. Ever since the nineteenth century, celebrating wilderness has been an activity mainly for well-to-do city folks. Country people generally know far too much about working the credit in an essay land to regard unworked land as their ideal. In contrast, elite urban tourists and movie, wealthy sportsmen projected their leisure-time frontier fantasies onto this discuss the American landscape and so created wilderness in their own image.
There were other ironies as well, The movement to set aside national parks and wilderness areas followed hard on the heels of the final Indian wars, in which the prior human inhabitants of these areas were rounded up and moved onto book comparison essays reservations. The myth of the wilderness as “virgin ” uninhabited land had always been especially cruel when seen from the perspective of the Indians who had once called that land home. Now they were forced to move elsewhere, with the result that tourists could safely enjoy the illusion that they were seeing their nation in its pristine, original state, in the new morning of God’s own creation. Ethos. (23) Among the movie book things that most marked the new national parks as reflecting a post-frontier consciousness was the relative absence of human violence within their boundaries. The actual frontier had often been a place of conflict, in which invaders and invaded fought for control of land and resources. Once set aside within the fixed and essay on best friend in sanskrit, carefully policed boundaries of the modern bureaucratic state, the wilderness lost its savage image and book comparison essays, became safe: a place more of reverie than of revulsion or fear. Meanwhile, its original inhabitants were kept out by dint of force, their earlier uses of the land redefined as inappropriate or even illegal. To this day, for instance, the Blackfeet continue to be accused of “poaching” on the lands of Glacier National Park that originally belonged to ways to say this, them and that were ceded by book essays, treaty only credit with the proviso that they be permitted to hunt there. (24) The removal of Indians to create an “uninhabited wilderness”uninhabited as never before in the human history of the placereminds us just how invented, just how constructed, the American wilderness really is. To return to my opening argument: there is nothing natural about the concept of wilderness. It is entirely a creation of the culture that holds it dear, a product of the very history it seeks to deny. Indeed, one of the most striking proofs of the cultural invention of book essays, wilderness is its thoroughgoing erasure of the history from a source essay, which it sprang.
In virtually all of its manifestations, wilderness represents a flight from history. Movie Book Comparison Essays. Seen as the original garden, it is study therapy, a place outside of time, from which human beings had to be ejected before the fallen world of history could properly begin. Seen as the frontier, it is a savage world at the dawn of civilization, whose transformation represents the very beginning of the national historical epic. Seen as the bold landscape of frontier heroism, it is the place of youth and movie book comparison essays, childhood, into which men escape by abandoning their pasts and entering a world of freedom where the constraints of civilization fade into essay in sanskrit, memory. Seen as the sacred sublime, it is the movie comparison essays home of a God who transcends history by standing as the One who remains untouched and unchanged by and family essays, time’s arrow. No matter what the comparison angle from which we regard it, wilderness offers us the illusion that we can escape the cares and troubles of the world in which our past has ensnared us. Essay. (25) This escape from history is book essays, one reason why the language we use to talk about case study stroke therapy wilderness is often permeated with spiritual and religious values that reflect human ideals far more than the material world of book essays, physical nature. Wilderness fulfills the other essay discuss old romantic project of secularizing Judeo-Christian values so as to make a new cathedral not in some petty human building but in God’s own creation, Nature itself. Movie Comparison. Many environmentalists who reject traditional notions of the Godhead and who regard themselves as agnostics or even atheists nonetheless express feelings tantamount to how to, religious awe when in the presence of wildernessa fact that testifies to the success of the romantic project. Movie Book. Those who have no difficulty seeing God as the expression of our human dreams and desires nonetheless have trouble recognizing that in a secular age Nature can offer precisely the same sort of mirror. Thus it is that wilderness serves as the unexamined foundation on which so many of the ethos quasi-religious values of modern environmentalism rest.
The critique of comparison, modernity that is one of other ways to say essay, environmentalism’s most important contributions to the moral and political discourse of our time more often than not appeals, explicitly or implicitly, to wilderness as the standard against which to measure the failings of movie comparison, our human world. Wilderness is the marriage and family natural, unfallen antithesis of an unnatural civilization that has lost its soul. It is movie, a place of essay, freedom in which we can recover the true selves we have lost to the corrupting influences of our artificial lives. Most of all, it is the ultimate landscape of authenticity. Combining the sacred grandeur of the sublime with the primitive simplicity of the book comparison frontier, it is the place where we can see the world as it really is, and case study stroke patient occupational, so know ourselves as we really areor ought to book comparison essays, be. But the establish ethos trouble with wilderness is that it quietly expresses and reproduces the very values its devotees seek to reject. The flight from history that is very nearly the core of wilderness represents the false hope of an escape from responsibility, the illusion that we can somehow wipe clean the movie essays slate of our past and return to the tabula rasa that supposedly existed before we began to leave our marks on the world. The dream of an marriage and family in america, unworked natural landscape is very much the fantasy of people who have never themselves had to work the land to make a livingurban folk for whom food comes from book comparison essays, a supermarket or a restaurant instead of a field, and for whom the wooden houses in which they live and other ways this essay will discuss, work apparently have no meaningful connection to book, the forests in which trees grow and essay on best in sanskrit, die. Book Comparison Essays. Only people whose relation to the land was already alienated could hold up wilderness as a model for human life in nature, for marriage essays, the romantic ideology of wilderness leaves precisely nowhere for essays, human beings actually to study occupational, make their living from the land. This, then, is the central paradox: wilderness embodies a dualistic vision in which the human is entirely outside the natural. Movie Book. If we allow ourselves to believe that nature, to be true, must also be wild, then our very presence in nature represents its fall.
The place where we are is the place where nature is not. If this is soif by definition wilderness leaves no place for human beings, save perhaps as contemplative sojourners enjoying their leisurely reverie in God’s natural cathedralthen also by definition it can offer no solution to the environmental and marriage and family in america, other problems that confront us. Movie Book Comparison Essays. To the extent that we celebrate wilderness as the measure with which we judge civilization, we reproduce the dualism that sets humanity and nature at opposite poles. We thereby leave ourselves little hope of other this essay discuss, discovering what an ethical, sustainable, honorable human place in nature might actually look like. Worse: to the extent that we live in an urban-industrial civilization but at comparison essays, the same time pretend to ourselves that our real home is in the wilderness, to just that extent we give ourselves permission to evade responsibility for the lives we actually lead.
We inhabit civilization while holding some part of ourselveswhat we imagine to be the how to in an essay most precious partaloof from its entanglements. We work our nine-to-five jobs in its institutions, we eat its food, we drive its cars (not least to reach the book comparison wilderness), we benefit from the intricate and all too invisible networks with which it shelters us, all the list higher english questions while pretending that these things are not an essential part of who we are. Book Comparison Essays. By imagining that our true home is in the wilderness, we forgive ourselves the homes we actually inhabit. In its flight from history, in on best friend in sanskrit, its siren song of escape, in its reproduction of the dangerous dualism that sets human beings outside of naturein all of these ways, wilderness poses a serious threat to responsible environmentalism at the end of the twentieth century. By now I hope it is clear that my criticism in book essays, this essay is essay, not directed at wild nature per se, or even at efforts to movie comparison, set aside large tracts of wild land, but rather at marriage and family, the specific habits of thinking that flow from this complex cultural construction called wilderness. It is not the things we label as wilderness that are the problemfor nonhuman nature and large tracts of the natural world do deserve protectionbut rather what we ourselves mean when we use the label. Essays. Lest one doubt how pervasive these habits of thought actually are in on best in sanskrit, contemporary environmentalism, let me list some of the places where wilderness serves as the ideological underpinning for environmental concerns that might otherwise seem quite remote from it. Defenders of biological diversity, for instance, although sometimes appealing to more utilitarian concerns, often point to “untouched” ecosystems as the best and richest repositories of the undiscovered species we must certainly try to protect. Although at first blush an apparently more “scientific” concept than wilderness, biological diversity in fact invokes many of the movie essays same sacred values, which is why organizations like the Nature Conservancy have been so quick to employ it as an essay, alternative to the seemingly fuzzier and more problematic concept of wilderness. There is a paradox here, of course.
To the essays extent that biological diversity (indeed, even wilderness itself) is friend, likely to survive in the future only by the most vigilant and comparison essays, self-conscious management of the ecosystems that sustain it, the ideology of case study patient occupational therapy, wilderness is potentially in direct conflict with the movie book comparison very thing it encourages us to list english, protect. (26) The most striking instances of this have revolved around “endangered species,” which serve as vulnerable symbols of biological diversity while at the same time standing as surrogates for book comparison essays, wilderness itself. The terms of the Endangered Species Act in the United States have often meant that those hoping to list higher english essay, defend pristine wilderness have had to rely on a single endangered species like the spotted owl to gain legal standing for their casethereby making the full power of the sacred land inhere in a single numinous organism whose habitat then becomes the object of intense debate about appropriate management and use. (27) The ease with which anti-environmental forces like the wise-use movement have attacked such single-species preservation efforts suggests the vulnerability of book, strategies like these. Perhaps partly because our own conflicts over such places and organisms have become so messy, the convergence of other this, wilderness values with concerns about biological diversity and endangered species has helped produce a deep fascination for remote ecosystems, where it is easier to imagine that nature might somehow be “left alone” to flourish by its own pristine devices. The classic example is the comparison tropical rain forest, which since the 1970s has become the most powerful modern icon of list english, unfallen, sacred landa veritable Garden of Edenfor many Americans and Europeans. And yet protecting the rain forest in the eyes of First World environmentalists all too often means protecting it from the people who live there. Those who seek to preserve such “wilderness” from the activities of native peoples run the risk of reproducing the same tragedybeing forceably removed from an ancient homethat befell American Indians. Third World countries face massive environmental problems and deep social conflicts, but these are not likely to be solved by movie book essays, a cultural myth that encourages us to “preserve” peopleless landscapes that have not existed in such places for essay on best in sanskrit, millennia. Movie Book Comparison. At its worst, as environmentalists are beginning to realize, exporting American notions of how to essay, wilderness in this way can become an comparison, unthinking and self-defeating form of cultural imperialism. (28) Perhaps the most suggestive example of the way that wilderness thinking can underpin other environmental concerns has emerged in the recent debate about “global change.” In 1989 the establish essay journalist Bill McKibben published a book entitled The End of Nature, in which he argued that the prospect of global climate change as a result of unintentional human manipulation of the atmosphere means that nature as we once knew it no longer exists. (29) Whereas earlier generations inhabited a natural world that remained more or less unaffected by their actions, our own generation is uniquely different.
We and our children will henceforth live in movie comparison essays, a biosphere completely altered by our own activity, a planet in which the human and the natural can no longer be distinguished, because the one has overwhelmed the other. In McKibben’s view, nature has died, and we are responsible for killing it. “The planet,” he declares, “is utterly different now.” (30) But such a perspective is possible only if we accept the wilderness premise that nature, to be natural, must also be pristineremote from humanity and untouched by our common past. In fact, everything we know about essay environmental history suggests that people have been manipulating the natural world on various scales for as long as we have a record of their passing. Moreover, we have unassailable evidence that many of the environmental changes we now face also occurred quite apart from human intervention at one time or another in the earth’s past. (31) The point is not that our current problems are trivial, or that our devastating effects on the earth’s ecosystems should be accepted as inevitable or “natural.” It is rather that we seem unlikely to make much progress in solving these problems if we hold up to movie essays, ourselves as the mirror of nature a wilderness we ourselves cannot inhabit. To do so is merely to take to a logical extreme the paradox that was built into wilderness from the beginning: if nature dies because we enter it, then the only way to save nature is to kill ourselves.
The absurdity of this proposition flows from the underlying dualism it expresses. Not only does it ascribe greater power to humanity that we in fact possessphysical and biological nature will surely survive in some form or another long after we ourselves have gone the way of credit a source, all fleshbut in the end it offers us little more than a self-defeating counsel of book comparison essays, despair. How To Credit A Source. The tautology gives us no way out: if wild nature is the only thing worth saving, and if our mere presence destroys it, then the sole solution to our own unnaturalness, the comparison only way to protect sacred wilderness from profane humanity, would seem to be suicide. It is not a proposition that seems likely to and family essays, produce very positive or practical results. And yet radical environmentalists and deep ecologists all too frequently come close to accepting this premise as a first principle.
When they express, for movie book comparison, instance, the popular notion that our environmental problems began with the credit a source essay invention of agriculture, they push the human fall from natural grace so far back into the past that all of civilized history becomes a tale of ecological declension. Earth First! founder Dave Foreman captures the familiar parable succinctly when he writes, Before agriculture was midwifed in the Middle East, humans were in the wilderness. We had no concept of comparison, “wilderness” because everything was wilderness and we were a part of how to a source essay, it. But with irrigation ditches, crop surpluses, and permanent villages, we became apart from the natural world. Book Comparison Essays. Between the wilderness that created us and the civilization created by us grew an ever-widening rift. (32) In this view the establish essay farm becomes the first and most important battlefield in the long war against wild nature, and all else follows in its wake. From such a starting place, it is hard not to book comparison, reach the conclusion that the only way human beings can hope to live naturally on this will, earth is to follow the hunter-gatherers back into a wilderness Eden and abandon virtually everything that civilization has given us. It may indeed turn out that civilization will end in ecological collapse or nuclear disaster, whereupon one might expect to movie book, find any human survivors returning to a way of life closer to establish ethos essay, that celebrated by Foreman and his followers. For most of us, though, such a debacle would be cause for regret, a sign that humanity had failed to fulfill its own promise and essays, failed to honor its own highest valuesincluding those of the deep ecologists. In offering wilderness as the ultimate hunter-gatherer alternative to civilization, Foreman reproduces an extreme but still easily recognizable version of the myth of frontier primitivism.
When he writes of his fellow Earth Firsters that “we believe we must return to being animal, to glorying in marriage in america, our sweat, hormones, tears, and blood” and that “we struggle against the modern compulsion to become dull, passionless androids,” he is following in movie, the footsteps of this essay discuss, Owen Wister. (33) Although his arguments give primacy to defending biodiversity and the autonomy of wild nature, his prose becomes most passionate when he speaks of movie book comparison, preserving “the wilderness experience.” His own ideal “Big Outside” bears an uncanny resemblance to that of the frontier myth: wide open spaces and virgin land with no trails, no signs, no facilities, no maps, no guides, no rescues, no modern equipment. Tellingly, it is a land where hardy travelers can support themselves by hunting with “primitive weapons (bow and arrow, atlatl, knife, sharp rock).” (34) Foreman claims that “the primary value of wilderness is not as a proving ground for young Huck Finns and Annie Oakleys,” but his heart is with Huck and Annie all the higher essay questions same. He admits that “preserving a quality wilderness experience for the human visitor, letting her or him flex Paleolithic muscles or seek visions, remains a tremendously important secondary purpose.” (35) Just so does Teddy Roosevelt’s rough rider live on in the greener garb of a new age. However much one may be attracted to such a vision, it entails problematic consequences. For one, it makes wilderness the movie book essays locus for an epic struggle between malign civilization and benign nature, compared with which all other social, political, and moral concerns seem trivial. Foreman writes, “The preservation of wildness and native diversity is the most important issue. Issues directly affecting only how to credit a source in an humans pale in comparison.” (36) Presumably so do any environmental problems whose victims are mainly people, for such problems usually surface in landscapes that have already “fallen” and are no longer wild. This would seem to exclude from the radical environmentalist agenda problems of occupational health and comparison, safety in industrial settings, problems of toxic waste exposure on “unnatural” urban and list higher questions, agricultural sites, problems of poor children poisoned by lead exposure in the inner city, problems of famine and poverty and movie book essays, human suffering in the “overpopulated” places of the earthproblems, in short, of environmental justice.
If we set too high a stock on wilderness, too many other corners of the earth become less than natural and too many other people become less than human, thereby giving us permission not to care much about their suffering or their fate. It is study stroke, no accident that these supposedly inconsequential environmental problems affect mainly poor people, for movie essays, the long affiliation between wilderness and wealth means that the only poor people who count when wilderness is the issue are hunter-gatherers, who presumably do not consider themselves to be poor in the first place. The dualism at english, the heart of movie book comparison, wilderness encourages its advocates to conceive of its protection as a crude conflict between the “human” and the “nonhuman”or, more often, between those who value the nonhuman and those who do not. This in turn tempts one to ignore crucial differences among humans and the complex cultural and historical reasons why different peoples may feel very differently about the meaning of wilderness. Why, for instance, is the ” wilderness experience” so often conceived as a form of recreation best enjoyed by those whose class privileges give them the time and resources to essay in sanskrit, leave their jobs behind and “get away from it all?” Why does the protection of wilderness so often seem to pit urban recreationists against rural people who actually earn their living from the land (excepting those who sell goods and services to book comparison essays, the tourists themselves)? Why in the debates about pristine natural areas are “primitive” peoples idealized, even sentimentalized, until the moment they do something unprimitive, modern, and unnatural, and thereby fall from environmental grace? What are the consequences of a wilderness ideology that devalues productive labor and the very concrete knowledge that comes from working the land with one’s own hands? (37) All of these questions imply conflicts among different groups of people, conflicts that are obscured behind the deceptive clarity of “human” vs. “nonhuman.” If in answering these knotty questions we resort to so simplistic an opposition, we are almost certain to ignore the very subtleties and higher questions, complexities we need to understand. But the book most troubling cultural baggage that accompanies the celebration of wilderness has less to do with remote rain forests and peoples than with the ways we think about ourselveswe American environmentalists who quite rightly worry about the future of the case study stroke occupational therapy earth and the threats we pose to movie comparison essays, the natural world.
Idealizing a distant wilderness too often means not idealizing the environment in marriage and family in america essays, which we actually live, the landscape that for better or worse we call home. Book Comparison. Most of essay friend in sanskrit, our most serious environmental problems start right here, at home, and if we are to solve those problems, we need an environmental ethic that will tell us as much about using nature as about not using it. The wilderness dualism tends to cast any use as abuse, and thereby denies us a middle ground in which responsible use and non-use might attain some kind of balanced, sustainable relationship. My own belief is that only by exploring this middle ground will we learn ways of imagining a better world for all of comparison, us: humans and nonhumans, rich people and poor, women and essay friend, men, First Worlders and Third Worlders, white folks and people of color, consumers and producersa world better for humanity in all of its diversity and for all the rest of movie, nature too. The middle ground is other this essay, where we actually live. It is where weall of us, in our different places and waysmake our homes.
That is why, when I think of the movie book essays times I myself have come closest to experiencing what I might call the sacred in nature, I often find myself remembering wild places much closer to home. I think, for credit a source in an essay, instance, of a small pond near my house where water bubbles up from limestone springs to comparison essays, feed a series of pools that rarely freeze in how to credit a source in an essay, winter and so play home to waterfowl that stay here for the protective warmth even on the coldest of winter days, gliding silently through streaming mists as the snow falls from gray February skies. I think of a November evening long ago when I found myself on a Wisconsin hilltop in rain and comparison, dense fog, only to list higher english essay questions, have the setting sun break through the clouds to cast an otherworldly golden light on the misty farms and woodlands below, a scene so unexpected and book comparison essays, joyous that I lingered past dusk so as not to miss any part of the gift that had come my way. And I think perhaps most especially of the blown-out, bankrupt farm in the sand country of central Wisconsin where Aldo Leopold and his family tried one of the first American experiments in ecological restoration, turning ravaged and infertile soil into carefully tended ground where the human and the nonhuman could exist side by side in case study stroke occupational, relative harmony. What I celebrate about such places is not just their wildness, though that certainly is among their most important qualities; what I celebrate even more is movie comparison, that they remind us of the wildness in establish, our own backyards, of the nature that is all around us if only we have eyes to see it. Indeed, my principal objection to wilderness is that it may teach us to be dismissive or even contemptuous of such humble places and experiences. Without our quite realizing it, wilderness tends to privilege some parts of nature at the expense of others. Most of us, I suspect, still follow the conventions of the romantic sublime in finding the movie essays mountaintop more glorious than the case occupational plains, the ancient forest nobler than the grasslands, the movie essays mighty canyon more inspiring than the humble marsh. Even John Muir, in arguing against those who sought to dam his beloved Hetch Hetchy valley in the Sierra Nevada, argued for alternative dam sites in the gentler valleys of the stroke patient therapy foothillsa preference that had nothing to do with nature and everything with the cultural traditions of the sublime. (38) Just as problematically, our frontier traditions have encouraged Americans to define “true” wilderness as requiring very large tracts of comparison essays, roadless landwhat Dave Foreman calls “The Big Outside.” Leaving aside the legitimate empirical question in case study, conservation biology of how large a tract of land must be before a given species can reproduce on it, the emphasis on big wilderness reflects a romantic frontier belief that one hasn’t really gotten away from movie comparison essays, civilization unless one can go for days at a time without encountering another human being. Case Stroke Occupational Therapy. By teaching us to fetishize sublime places and wide open country, these peculiarly American ways of thinking about book comparison wilderness encourage us to list, adopt too high a standard for what counts as “natural.” If it isn’t hundreds of square miles big, if it doesn’t give us God’s eye views or grand vistas, if it doesn’t permit us the illusion that we are alone on the planet, then it really isn’t natural.
It’s too small, too plain, or too crowded to be authentically wild. In critiquing wilderness as I have done in this essay, I’m forced to confront my own deep ambivalence about movie book its meaning for how to a source in an, modern environmentalism. Movie Book Comparison Essays. On the one hand, one of my own most important environmental ethics is on best friend, that people should always be conscious that they are part of the natural world, inextricably tied to the ecological systems that sustain their lives. Any way of looking at nature that encourages us to believe we are separate from natureas wilderness tends to dois likely to reinforce environmentally irresponsible behavior. On the essays other hand, I also think it no less crucial for us to recognize and honor nonhuman nature as a world we did not create, a world with its own independent, nonhuman reasons for being as it is.
The autonomy of nonhuman nature seems to marriage and family essays, me an movie essays, indispensable corrective to human arrogance. Any way of looking at nature that helps us rememberas wilderness also tends to dothat the in america interests of people are not necessarily identical to those of book, every other creature or of the earth itself is likely to foster responsible behavior. To the extent that wilderness has served as an important vehicle for articulating deep moral values regarding our obligations and responsibilities to the nonhuman world, I would not want to jettison the contributions it has made to our culture’s ways of thinking about and family nature. If the core problem of wilderness is essays, that it distances us too much from the very things it teaches us to ways to say will, value, then the book comparison question we must ask is what it can tell us about home, the place where we actually live. How can we take the positive values we associate with wilderness and list english questions, bring them closer to home? I think the movie answer to this question will come by other to say this essay will, broadening our sense of the otherness that wilderness seeks to define and protect. In reminding us of the comparison essays world we did not make, wilderness can teach profound feelings of humility and respect as we confront our fellow beings and the earth itself. Feelings like these argue for the importance of self-awareness and self criticism as we exercise our own ability to transform the world around us, helping us set responsible limits to human masterywhich without such limits too easily becomes human hubris. Wilderness is the place where, symbolically at least, we try to withhold our power to dominate. Wallace Stegner once wrote of.
the special human mark, the special record of human passage, that distinguishes man from all other species. It is rare enough among men, impossible to any other form of life. It is simply the deliberate and chosen refusal to make any marks at all. We are the most dangerous species of life on the planet, and every other species, even the earth itself, has cause to fear our power to exterminate. But we are also the only species which, when it chooses to do so, will go to great effort to save what it might destroy. (39) The myth of wilderness, which Stegner knowingly reproduces in these remarks, is that we can somehow leave nature untouched by our passage.
By now it should be clear that this for the most part is an list essay questions, illusion. But Stegner’s deeper message then becomes all the more compelling. If living in movie book essays, history means that we cannot help leaving marks on a fallen world, then the dilemma we face is to decide what kinds of marks we wish to leave. It is just here that our cultural traditions of wilderness remain so important. In the how to broadest sense, wilderness teaches us to ask whether the movie book comparison Other must always bend to establish ethos essay, our will, and, if not, under what circumstances it should be allowed to flourish without our intervention. Movie Book. This is surely a question worth asking about everything we do, and not just about the study patient occupational therapy natural world. When we visit a wilderness area, we find ourselves surrounded by plants and animals and physical landscapes whose otherness compels our attention. In forcing us to book essays, acknowledge that they are not of our making, that they have little or no need of essay on best, our continued existence, they recall for movie book comparison, us a creation far greater than our own.
In the wilderness, we need no reminder that a tree has its own reasons for being, quite apart from us. The same is case study stroke patient therapy, less true in movie, the gardens we plant and other ways to say this, tend ourselves: there it is far easier to forget the otherness of the tree. Essays. (40) Indeed, one could almost measure wilderness by the extent to how to credit in an essay, which our recognition of its otherness requires a conscious, willed act on our part. The romantic legacy means that wilderness is more a state of mind than a fact of nature, and comparison, the state of mind that today most defines wilderness is wonder. The striking power of the wild is that wonder in ethos essay, the face of comparison essays, it requires no act of will, but forces itself upon usas an expression of the nonhuman world experienced through the lens of establish ethos, our cultural historyas proof that ours is not the only presence in the universe. Wilderness gets us into trouble only if we imagine that this experience of wonder and otherness is limited to the remote corners of the planet, or that it somehow depends on pristine landscapes we ourselves do not inhabit. Movie Book Essays. Nothing could be more misleading. The tree in on best friend, the garden is in reality no less other, no less worthy of our wonder and movie book essays, respect, than the tree in an ancient forest that has never known an ax or a saweven though the tree in the forest reflects a more intricate web of ecological relationships. The tree in the garden could easily have sprung from the same seed as the tree in other to say essay, the forest, and we can claim only its location and perhaps its form as our own. Both trees stand apart from us; both share our common world.
The special power of the tree in the wilderness is to remind us of this fact. It can teach us to book essays, recognize the wildness we did not see in the tree we planted in list, our own backyard. Movie Book Comparison Essays. By seeing the otherness in that which is most unfamiliar, we can learn to see it too in that which at first seemed merely ordinary. If wilderness can do thisif it can help us perceive and respect a nature we had forgotten to recognize as naturalthen it will become part of the on best in sanskrit solution to our environmental dilemmas rather than part of the problem. This will only happen, however, if we abandon the dualism that sees the tree in the garden as artificialcompletely fallen and movie comparison essays, unnaturaland the tree in the wilderness as naturalcompletely pristine and wild. Both trees in some ultimate sense are wild; both in a practical sense now depend on ethos essay, our management and care.
We are responsible for both, even though we can claim credit for neither. Our challenge is to stop thinking of movie book comparison, such things according to in america, set of bipolar moral scales in which the human and the nonhuman, the essays unnatural and this essay discuss, the natural, the movie book essays fallen and list english, the unfallen, serve as our conceptual map for understanding and valuing the world. Comparison. Instead, we need to establish ethos essay, embrace the movie comparison full continuum of a natural landscape that is also cultural, in which the city, the suburb, the pastoral, and the wild each has its proper place, which we permit ourselves to establish ethos essay, celebrate without needlessly denigrating the book essays others. We need to honor the Other within and the Other next door as much as we do the patient occupational exotic Other that lives far awaya lesson that applies as much to people as it does to (other) natural things. In particular, we need to discover a common middle ground in which all of book, these things, from the city to the wilderness, can somehow be encompassed in the word “home.” Home, after all, is the place where finally we make our living.
It is the friend in sanskrit place for which we take responsibility, the place we try to sustain so we can pass on what is best in it (and in ourselves) to our children. (41) The task of making a home in nature is what Wendell Berry has called “the forever unfinished lifework of our species.” “The only thing we have to preserve nature with” he writes, “is culture; the only thing we have to preserve wildness with is domesticity.” (42) Calling a place home inevitably means that we will use the nature we find in it, for there can be no escape from manipulating and movie book essays, working and even killing some parts of nature to essay on best friend, make our home. But if we acknowledge the autonomy and otherness of the things and creatures around usan autonomy our culture has taught us to label with the word “wild”then we will at least think carefully about the uses to which we put them, and even ask if we should use them at movie comparison, all. just so can we still join Thoreau in case stroke patient therapy, declaring that “in Wildness is the preservation of the World,” for wildness (as opposed to movie comparison, wilderness) can be found anywhere: in the seemingly tame fields and woodlots of Massachusetts, in the cracks of a Manhattan sidewalk, even in the cells of our own bodies. Establish Ethos. As Gary Snyder has wisely said, “A person with a clear heart and open mind can experience the wilderness anywhere on earth. Movie Essays. It is a quality of one’s own consciousness. The planet is a wild place and always will be.” (43) To think ourselves capable of causing “the end of how to credit a source, nature” is an movie, act of how to credit a source essay, great hubris, for it means forgetting the wildness that dwells everywhere within and around us.
Learning to honor the comparison essays wildlearning to remember and on best, acknowledge the autonomy of the othermeans striving for critical self-consciousness in comparison essays, all of our actions. It means the list deep reflection and respect must accompany each act of essays, use, and how to, means too that we must always consider the book essays possibility of stroke occupational therapy, non-use. It means looking at the part of nature we intend to turn toward our own ends and asking whether we can use it again and comparison, again and againsustainablywithout its being diminished in the process. It means never imagining that we can flee into essay, a mythical wilderness to escape history and the obligation to book comparison essays, take responsibility for our own actions that history inescapably entails. How To Credit A Source In An Essay. Most of all, it means practicing remembrance and book essays, gratitude, for thanksgiving is the simplest and most basic of ways for us to list higher english questions, recollect the nature, the culture, and movie book essays, the history that have come together to make the study stroke occupational therapy world as we know it. If wildness can stop being (just) out there and start being (also) in here, if it can start being as humane as it is natural, then perhaps we can get on book essays, with the and family in america essays unending task of movie comparison, struggling to live rightly in the worldnot just in higher english essay, the garden, not just in the wilderness, but in the home that encompasses them both. 1. Henry David Thoreau, “Walking,” The Works of Thoreau, ed. Henry S. Canby (Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin, 1937), p. 672. 2. Oxford English Dictionary, s.v. “wilderness”; see also Roderick Nash, Wilderness and the American Mind, 3rd ed. (New Haven, Connecticut: Yale Univ. Book Comparison. Press, 1982), pp. 1-22; and Max Oelsehlaeger, The Idea of in america essays, Wilderness: From Prehistory to the Age of Ecology (New Haven, Connecticut: Yale Univ.
Press, 1991). 3. Comparison Essays. Exodus 32:1-35, KJV. 4. Essay. Exodus 14:3, KJV. 5. Mark 1:12-13, KJV; see also Matthew 4:1-11; Luke 4:1-13. 6. John Milton, “Paradise Lost,” John Milton: Complete Poems and Major Prose, ed. Merritt Y. Hughes (New York: Odyssey Press, 1957), pp. 280-81, lines 131-42.
7. I have discussed this theme at comparison, length in essay friend in sanskrit, “Landscapes of Abundance and Scarcity,” in Clyde Milner et al., eds., Oxford History of the American West (New York: Oxford Univ. Book Comparison. Press, 1994), pp. 603-37. The classic work on the Puritan “city on a hill” in colonial New England is essay on best, Perry Miller, Errand into the Wilderness (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard Univ. Movie Essays. Press, 1956). 8. John Muir, My First Summer in the Sierra (1911), reprinted in ethos essay, John Muir: The Eight Wilderness Discovery Books (London, England: Diadem; Seattle, Washington: Mountaineers, 1992), P. 211. 9. Alfred Route, National Parks: The American Experience, 2nd ed. Comparison. (Lincoln: Univ. of Nebraska Press, 1987) 10.
John Muir, The Yosemite (1912), reprinted in John Muir: Eight Wilderness Discovery Books, P. 715. 11. Scholarly work on the sublime is extensive. Among the most important studies are Samuel Monk, The Sublime: A Study of Critical Theories in XVIII-Century England (New York: Modern Language Association, 1935); Basil Willey, The Eighteenth-Century Background: Studies on the Idea of Nature in case study occupational, the Thought of the Period (London, England: Chattus and Windus, 1949); Marjorie Hope Nicolson, Mountain Gloom and Mountain Glory: The Development of the Aesthetics of the Infinite (Ithaca, New York: Cornell Univ. Movie Book Essays. Press, 1959); Thomas Weiskel, The Romantic Sublime: Studies in the Structure and Psychology of Transcendence (Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkin.s Univ. Press, 1976); Barbara Novak, Nature and Culture: American Landscape Painting, 1825-1875 (New York: Oxford Univ. Press, ig8o). 12. The classic works are Immanuel Kant, Observations on the Feeling of the other ways to say will Beautiful and Sublime (1764), trans. John T. Goldthwait (Berkeley: Univ. of California Press, 196o); Edmund Burke, A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful, ed.
James T. Boulton (1958; Notre Dame, Indiana: Univ. of Notre Dame Press, 1968); William Gilpin, Three Essays: On Picturesque Beauty; on Picturesque Travel; and on Sketching Landscape (London, England, 1803) 13. See Ann Vileisis, “From Wastelands to Wetlands” (unpublished senior essay, Yale Univ., 1989); Route, National Parks. 14. William Wordsworth, “The Prelude,” bk. 6, in Thomas Hutchinson, ed., The Poetical Works of Wordsworth (London, England: Oxford Umv. Press, 1936), p. 536. 15. Henry David Thoreau, The Maine Woods (1864), in Henry David Thoreau (New York: Library of America, 1985), pp.
640-41. 16. Movie Essays. Exodus 16:10, KJV. 17. John Muir, My First Summer in the Sierra, p. 238. Ways This Essay Will Discuss. Part of the difference between these descriptions may reflect the book essays landscapes the ways this three authors were describing. In his essay, “Reinventing Common Nature: Yosemite and Mount RushmoreA Meandering Tale of a Double Nature,” Kenneth Olwig notes that early American travelers experienced Yosemite as much through the movie essays aesthetic tropes of the pastoral as through those of the sublime. The ease with which Muir celebrated the gentle divinity of the Sierra Nevada had much to do with the how to credit in an essay pastoral qualities of the landscape he described. See Olwig, “Reinventing Common Nature: Yosemite and Mount RushmoreA Meandering Tale of a Double Nature,” Uncommon Ground: Toward Reinventing Nature, ed.
William Cronon (New York: W. W. Norton CO, 1995), PP 379-408. 18. Frederick Jackson Turner, The Frontier in American History (New York: Henry Holt, 1920), pp. Book. 37-38. 19. Richard Slotkin has made this observation the higher english essay linchpin of his comparison between Turner and Theodore Roosevelt. See Slotkin, Gunfighter Nation: The Myth of the movie comparison Frontier in Twentieth-Century America (New York: Atheneum, 1992), pp.
29-62. 20. Owen Wister, The Virginian: A Horseman of the Plains (New York: Macmillan, 1902), pp. viii-ix. 21. Theodore Roosevelt, Ranch Life and the Hunting Trail (1888; NewYork: Century, 1899), p. 100. 22.
Wister, Virginian, p. x. 23. On the many problems with this view, see William M. Denevan, “The Pristine Myth: The Landscape of the Americas in 1492,” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 82 (1992): 369-85. 24. Louis Warren, “The Hunter’s Came: Poachers, Conservationists, and Twentieth-Century America” (Ph.D. diss., Yale University, 1994). 25.
Wilderness also lies at the foundation of the Clementsian ecological concept of the climax. See Michael Barbour, “Ecological Fragmentation in the Fifties” in Cronon, Uncommon Ground, pp. 233-55, and William Cronon, “Introduction: In Search of Nature,” in Cronon, Uncommon Ground, pp. Establish Ethos. 23-56. 26. On the many paradoxes of having to manage wilderness in comparison, order to maintain the appearance of an unmanaged landscape, see John C. Hendee et al., Wilderness Management, USDA Forest Service Miscellaneous Publication No.
1365 (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1978). 27. See James Proctor, “Whose Nature?: The Contested Moral Terrain of Ancient Forests,” in Cronon, Uncommon Ground, pp. 269-97. 28.
See Candace Slater, “Amazonia as Edenic Narrative,” in Cronon, Uncommon Ground, pp. 114-31. This argument has been powerfully made by Ramachandra Cuba, “Radical American Environmentalism: A Third World Critique,” Environmental Ethics 11 (1989): 71-83. 29. List Higher. Bill McKibben, The End of Nature (New York: Random House, 1989). 30. McKibben, The End of movie, Nature, p. 49. 31. Even comparable extinction rates have occurred before, though we surely would not want to emulate the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary extinctions as a model for responsible manipulation of the biosphere! 32.
Dave Foreman, Confessions of an Eco-Warrior (New York: Harmony Books, 1991, p. 69 (italics in original). For a sampling of other writings by followers of deep ecology and/or Earth First!, see Michael Tobias, ed., Deep Ecology (San Diego, California: Avant Books, 1984); Bill Devall and essay friend in sanskrit, George Sessions, Deep Ecology: Living as if Nature Mattered (Salt Lake City, Utah: Gibbs Smith, 1985); Michael Tobias, After Eden: History, Ecology, and Conscience (San Diego, California: Avant Books, 1985); Dave Foreman and Bill Haywood, eds., Ecodefense: A Field Guide to movie book comparison essays, Monkey Wrenching, 2nd ed. (Tucson, Arizona: Ned Ludd Books, 1987); Bill Devall, Simple in Means, Rich in Ends: Practicing Deep Ecology (Salt Lake City, Utah: Gibbs Smith, 1988); Steve Chase, ed., Defending the Earth: A Dialogue between Murray Bookchin Dave Foreman (Boston, Massachusetts: South End Press, 1991); John Davis, ed., The Earth First, Reader. Ten Years of Radical Environmentalism (Salt Lake City, Utah: Gibbs Smith, 1991); Bill Devall, Living Richly in an Age of other ways to say this essay discuss, Limits: Using Deep Ecology for an Abundant Life (Salt Lake, City, Utah: Gibbs Smith, 1993); Michael E. Zimmerman ct al., eds., Environmental Philosophy: From Animal Rights to Radical Ecology (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1993). A useful survey of the different factions of radical environmentalism can be found in Carolyn Merchant, Radical Ecology: The Search for a Livable World (New York: Routledge, 1992). For a very interesting critique of this literature (first published in the anarchist newspaper Fifth Estate), see George Bradford, How Deep is Deep Ecology? (Ojai, California: Times Change Press, 1989). 33. Foreman, Confessions of an Eco-Warrior, P. 34. 34. Foreman, Confessions of an Eco-Warrior, p. 65. See also Dave Foreman and movie essays, Howie Wolke, The Big Outside: A Descriptive Inventory of the Big Wilderness Areas of the U.S. (Tucson, Arizona: Ned Ludd Books, 1989). 35.
Foreman, Confessions of an Eco-Warrior, p. 63. 36. Foreman, Confessions of an marriage and family essays, Eco-Warrior, P. 27. 37. See Richard White, ”’Are You an Environmentalist or Do You Work for book, a Living?’: Work and Nature,” in Cronon, Uncommon Ground, pp. 171-85. Compare its analysis of environmental knowledge through work with Jennifer Price’s analysis of environmental knowledge through consumption. Other Ways Essay. It is not much of an exaggeration to say that the wilderness experience is essentially consumerist in its impulses. 38. Compare with Muir, Yosemite, in John Muir: Eight Wilderness Discovery Books, p. 714. 39.
Wallace Stegner, ed., This Is Dinosaur: Echo Park Country and Its Magic Rivers (New York: Knopf, 1955), P. Comparison Essays. 17 (italics in original). 40. Katherine Hayles helped me see the importance of this argument. 41. Analogous arguments can be found in John Brinckerhoff Jackson, “Beyond Wilderness,” A Sense of Place, a Sense of essay friend, Time (New Haven, Connecticut: Yale Univ. Press, 1994), pp. 71-91, and in movie book, the wonderful collection of essays by Michael Pollan, Second Nature: A Gardener’s Education (New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1991). 42. Wendell Berry, Home Economics (San Francisco, California: North Point, 1987), pp. 138, 143. 43.
Gary Snyder, quoted in establish ethos, New York Times, “Week in comparison, Review,” 18 September 1994, p. 6. Excerpted from Uncommon Ground: Toward Reinventing Nature, edited by William Cronon. Copyright 1995 by William Cronon. Reprinted with permission of the publisher, W. W. Norton Company, Inc. Copyright William Cronon. (Please do not reprint without permission; links to this website are fine.)
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8 Tips for Writing a Personal Statement. If you’re sitting down right now, trying to write the most brilliant, persuasive, powerful personal statement ever written, but your fingers are paralyzed on the keys, you’re not alone. “I hate to write about myself,” some tell me. Others say, “my life has been pretty boring/sheltered/standard/privileged.” Still others say, “I went through hard times but I don’t want to write a sob story.” How do you hit the perfect compromise and create a personal statement you can be proud of? Here are a few ideas to essays get you started on brainstorming topics: 1. It’s very hard to go back to establish ethos the drawing board after writing an intro and movie essays, conclusion, so just start writing your ideas down and sharing your stories and experiences. Study Occupational? Start writing like you would a journal or blog post, using a conversational tone. Write how you speak. You can fix the essays grammar and essay in sanskrit, spelling later. Fine-tune conclusions and themes later. Right now, get your stories on paper and see what themes naturally emerge.
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If you can convince them, they’ll be more likely to admit you rather than waitlist you and make you prove you deserve a coveted admission letter that they’ll then have to report for movie comparison, rankings purposes. Stroke Patient Occupational Therapy? C. So, what can I possibly say? It’s true – sometimes law schools just don’t seem to book be that different from one another, especially when they are ranked similarly. Here are some tips: • Don’t say you love their Environmental Law program if nothing in list higher questions, your application supports your interest in Environmental Law. • Don’t pick a study abroad program as your reason; you can do any ABA school’s study abroad summer program and transfer the credits (generally). • Don’t list reasons that could be applied to any law school equally like ‘esteemed faculty’ or ‘national reputation’ or ‘bar passage rate.’ Be specific. • If you’re applying part-time, tell them why. Otherwise they’ll think you’re just using the movie book essays part-time program to be admitted through the “back door.” Good luck, and I hope I’ve inspired you to do a little more research and critical thinking about stroke occupational, why you’re choosing each law school on your list. 4 thoughts on movie book essays “ 8 Tips for Writing a Personal Statement ” Jeff on essay on best March 25, 2013 at 6:02 pm said: First of all, thank you for all of the incredible advice you provide people. I have two questions. One about my situation and comparison essays, the other about the professional services that you provide.
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Movie book comparison essay
ceng 100 homework So the Megaden is nearing completion. Standing on stilts, it's made from mainly reclaimed timber. Comparison Essays! The doors and windows we picked up from gumtree, the main supports are scaffold boards from a local farmer and the walls finished with pallet wood. We did have to essay friend buy some new parts for it including the roof, insulation, waterproof builders membrane, the electrics and book comparison screws and coach bolts, but I think its still mainly eco friendly from reclaimed tree hugger materials. It is a whopping 3.6 meters by 2.4 meters inside. Outside has a covered deck which is another 3.6 meters by 1.7 meters.
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What shape would it be? how would the movie book essays, roof pitch, how does everything join together? How would I get electrics to it? How would I make it water tight? I have been collecting materials for years, squirrelling away timber round the garden. The doors and windows have been lying under tarpaulins for over a year behind the essay in sanskrit, shed.
A length of about 30 meters of armoured cable for the electrics has been hanging on book comparison my garage wall for marriage and family essays, about 15 years. It was left over from a job my Dad did many moons ago. So Ive not posted a blog for a couple of weeks. I have been super busy with other projects. Poor excuse. Its actually quite hard to movie comparison keep up a schedule of case patient occupational once a week.
I did my first post back in September last year and was able to comparison essays keep up a run of 43 consecutive weeks posting each Friday. Then I slipped up a couple of weekends ago and I was gutted. In the end it doesn’t really matter but I am the sort of person when I start something it quickly becomes routine and I have to keep it going or I beat myself up about it. I follow a couple of YouTube vloggers who do daily uploads. Where do they get the time? I guess they don’t have full time jobs and kids. YouTube is patient occupational their job, but still it must be a big pressure to keep it up every day with thousands of followers eagerly awaiting your daily post. I will keep going with my weekly blog and if I miss a week its no big deal. Some good news from my CodeClan Cohort 7 this week. Movie Book Essays! 21 out of 21 are now employed in the software development industry. And most in Scotland.
The last of us to ethos essay secure a software developer job was the movie essays, other week. Woo hoo! Go Us! Unfortunately one was not kept on beyond a 6 month probation. I'm not sure of the details but it's a real shame and I imagine it is more to do with the company than the how to credit essay, graduate. Based on the 100% success rate they should get something else soon. I happened to be in Edinburgh last week and popped in to see how things were in book, CodeClan.
A few cohorts have passed through since I was last there. How To Credit A Source Essay! It was project week for some so it was busy with students working on their projects. It was great to catch-up with the folk and particularly one of my fellow graduates who has gone on to be an essays instructor there. He never got to leave. So I need another project like a hole in the head. But when The Most Complete Arduino Starter Kit appears on Amazon prime at more than 50% off, Hey it would be rude not too. I looked at all the accessories and found myself clicking the buy with one click button and less than 24 hrs later it arrived.
Tech Christmas Day. The box was full of all sorts of to say discuss coloured bits. This is the 3rd Arduino I've bought over a number of years. The first was a simple learn to essays program an on best Arduino kit and came with some basic electronic components. An Arduino is a solid state micro computer with on-board input and movie book essays output pins exposed. It's basically a circuit board with a controller about the size of a playing card. It's blue, not that it matters. It's like a mini PLC or Programmable Logic Controller.
It can sence the outside world with connected sensors and be programmed to do something that can affect that world. So you could connect a light sensor and establish ethos measure when it gets dark. Movie Essays! When it does it can switch on a light. It can be so much cleverer than that though. In America Essays! It can measure how dark it is and can be programmed to adjust how bright the light is. That was about as far as my projects got with the first one. Although I did make a bubble machine for the boys. Movie Essays! It used a servo to dip a bubble eye in a bowl of fairy liquid, raise it up rotate it and a fan would turn on essay on best in sanskrit and blow bubbles. Comparison! It would then lower back into the liquid and repeat.
It wrecked the servo eventually as the fairy liquid dripped into marriage essays, its gears of the essays, servo. It was fun when it lasted and essay in sanskrit the boys enjoyed it. The second one I bought a few years later was an Arduino Yun (posh model with Wifi) it was bought with a plan to solve my leaving the garage door open problem. I can't see the door from the house so would forget and movie book comparison go to bed and wake in the morning to english essay questions the realisation that the door had been open all night. Not another Excel spreadsheet to track bugs?
Trello to the rescue! So I have an affliction making stuff. I always have some project or other on the go. I get a whacky desire to make something and mull it over for weeks, months or years before having to start. If I don’t start I just keep thinking about it and movie book thinking about it! I am either planning, making, fixing or repurposing something. I have many projects on the go at one time. I have to say I enjoy the whole process.
I see something and think I can make one of those. I don't have much of a desire to marriage essays buy it, but given the movie book comparison essays, chance to marriage in america essays build or make it. How can I build that?, and then Im off… The perfect project is something that takes a long time and movie book has many stages to it. It can evolve and be shaped. I love to spend time subconsciously sketching out in essays, my mind how I can make parts, how I can adapt parts, how I can engineer something. Its those moments when I am waiting or daydreaming I will be engineering something in my head. Building the boys Jeep was a perfect example of this. Movie! It had lots of english parts, it required research, it needed different types of skills and book comparison essays I had to adapt and on best repurposing things. The front steering mechanism was a problem I spent ages thinking about. Movie Book Comparison Essays! I needed a way of having a 3 axis mount that could swivel in all three directions.
Id sketch out diagrams, play with bits of metal, Lie in bed awake thinking how to study stroke therapy solve the book comparison, problem. Inspiration and a final solution came while in the local hardware store. Large eye bolts normally used for establish ethos essay, gates bolted together in an X-Y-Z orientation were a quick and reasonably cheep and strong solution. Relief, I can stop thinking about that problem. So a little over 4 years ago I finally got my finger out to apply to be a Chartered Engineer. Years of movie book comparison procrastination and case occupational false starts the book comparison essays, application form, the process and the thought of an interview had me stalled. I had the necessary qualification, I had plenty of experience and I was a member of the IET, I just lacked the personal motivation to get my finger out. I was comfortable in my job I didn't need to be chartered. Establish Ethos! It would be nice but not a must have.
The biggest blocker was compiling my experience in chronological order on movie comparison the application form. I had been working for 20 years so remembering and cramming it all into a few pages was daunting. The shove I needed was when I looked to move up a grade at work. Ethos Essay! My boss blocked me with a job description. Comparison! Basically a badly written list of must haves to perform the upgrade in position.
Lots of airy fairy statements plucked out of thin air that the person must meet to perform the job. I was doing the job already but had to prove it. So I set about formulating a case that showed and how to credit a source was backed with evidence of my experience that I could meet the must haves. I spent a few weeks with a text document open on the side of my desk top, quickly adding experience when I remembered. reliving my past 20 years. The document grew and grew and gradually I had recounted all the projects I had worked on. I had ticked off all the job requirements (must haves) and provided real evidence how I met them. I polished it a bit adding in real must haves the job holder should have and forwarded it to comparison essays my boss and was moved up a grade. The bonus was I now had a full career review down on paper (or digitally). The dreaded application form for on best, chartered engineer would be easy now. Sitting next to the Queen of Tech. So I'd consider myself part of the team now at Aberdeen City Council.
Ive managed to get into the swing of how things work, I have lots of new friends and colleagues, and I am really getting into the hot desking. I get to sit in a different desk each day and get to sit with different people most days. Although the book essays, folk I work with directly in the Team generally sit in the same area. I have had a few days working from home and its good. Probably the ethos essay, easiest login from home I have ever had or used yet.
No hassle, no dongle, no phone app and movie book essays no code to remember. Some days I find myself sitting next to the Queen of how to credit a source Tech or princess Leia of comparison ACC leading the rebel army on the war on embracing technology from the dark lords (you will know who you are). I get to hear all the great tech initiatives that are going on in Aberdeen and the City Council. We met by coincidence just before I started at establish essay ACC when she was giving a talk at the Business Gateway Hub in Bridge of Don as part of the Elevator program. A couple of interesting tech project I heard about this week are Smart Benches and City Lab. My 10 favourite things (inanimate objects) So its been a super busy week and my usual write my blog on the bus time did not pan out. I keep meeting interesting people.
What I have written this week I did a while a go. I am a bit of a hoarder and movie book essays like things with sentimental value. List Higher English Questions! Anyway here are my 10 favourite things. Note this does not include friends and family, I should maybe title it my 10 favourite inanimate objects. So this week I met someone on movie book essays the bus. I have met her before and this time we started chatting. Marriage And Family! She is a chemistry teacher in a high school. I liked the idea of learning chemistry when I went to secondary school.
It sounded exciting, mixing and burning things. I was however completely put off by my chemistry teacher. Dr Pockets, he wore a tweed jacket and the black gown. He wasn't very good but worst of all would come up behind you and poke you in essays, sides with two fingers. I didn't like that or him so I completely switched off from chemistry and dropped it as soon as I could. Perhaps that is why I became an engineer. So yea, I read this week that picking your nose and eating it is good for you. Marriage And Family In America Essays! It boosts your immune system.
I took great pleasure it telling my boys this. Both are bogie munchers and they were delighted with this news. I had been told for the past 46 years it was bad for you and movie I have been dutifully passing on this message. I won't take up this habit but the boys will be boys and essay it will save me from telling them off for it. It got me thinking what else have we been told when growing up is bad for you but might be good. Living in our nanny state maybe boogies are not alone. The 2025 fuel crisis and the end of Big Oil. So I'm on comparison a train on my way down to Cumbernauld for the weekend.
I have Jamie (age9) with me and how to credit a source essay he is delighted to be on a train. It's a diesel electric. On boarding I pointed out the massive turbo on the side of the train just below the level of the book, platform. (I'm an engineer, I notice these things. ) The Diesel engine powers a generator to make electric energy to turn a massive induction motor that makes it move, I tell Jamie. It's quiet, but you can just hear the engines dull drone as we fly through the countryside. How To A Source Essay! I'm guessing being diesel electric it is book more efficient than pure diesel and also cleaner. I was also on a bus this morning on the way to work. It was one of Aberdeens new hydrogen powered fleet.
Diesel busses have been abandoned in favour of turning hydrogen into electricity which again powers a motor to make the bus move. This bus is almost silent apart from some transmission noise on the move. This Essay Will! When stopped there is no noise at all. Movie Comparison Essays! Great for commuters like me tapping on my iPhone writing my blog. I like both these forms of transport in terms of where we are with the in america, tech. I am however a massive car fan… a petrol head at comparison essays heart and I feel a sense of gloom coming. I like my petrol and Diesel engines. Essay! I have a few cars. Comparison! All of them older. A big 4x4 with a Diesel engine in it. I love the torque and the feeling of go anywhere it gives, and its 500 miles or so range.
I have a lotus seven kit car with a revey 16v Toyota engine that makes it fly. I also have an Abarth 500 which has a little 1.4 litre turbo charged engine. And Family! Its got twin intercoolers and one of essays my favourite exhaust notes of any car I have owned. I have promised the Abarth to Jamie when he is old enough to drive. Last week CodeClan contacted me and asked if I would write them an article for their website. Of course I would be delighted to. Apparently someone had been in touch and was looking to change career, they hated their job and would like to study coding. However they thought at 46 they were too old. Well I am 46 (old?) and I did it (I actually started at CodeClan when I was 45, but thats splitting hairs)
So this week I was in training for establish, a couple of days. Movie Book! In the old days this would have been a game of listen and try to stay awake. However after 16 weeks of intensive teaching at CodeClan a couple of days was a breeze. The training was in the customer experience platform CEP of a product by a company called FirmStep. Stroke! It goes hand and with their Content Management System CMS. You can think of the CMS as the website and the CEP as the application for forms, process and workflows for customers visiting the website site. The guy training (Mathew) had traveled up from comparison essays Edinburgh for the couple of days. The training was very hands on and we were quickly creating process, designing forms, making data and integrations. Mathew spotted my cohort 7 sticker proudly displayed on my laptop and queried what it was from.
It's the class sticker for essay on best, my cohort when I studied at CodeClan. It turns out that Mathew is also a CodeClan graduate from cohort 3. He graduated in April 2016 and joined FirmStep. So I get to be hands on again. I spent years in my last job working my way up the ranks from junior software engineer to movie book engineer, senior, lead and then principal. Essay Friend! I picked up a growing team peaking at movie book essays about 10 folk. Marriage In America Essays! It became inversely proportional to comparison essays the amount of hands on meaningful work I actually did. It was more about meetings, plans and justifying what you needed to do. I have always thought when a company employs you as an english questions engineer they want you for your brilliant engineering skills, Then you do a good job and they promote you. Book! you then do less engineering, and they want you to deal with Faff (office politics, brown nosing, failings of others).
Your not trained in Faff and your not good at it but you manage. So they promote you again and you do even less engineering and have to deal with more Faff (runny noses, time sheets, holiday forms). Before you know it your are promoted again and stroke therapy you find yourself as a engineering manager (a job you are not trained for) and you no longer do any engineering whatsoever. So you are now doing a job you are not very good at and don't do any work that you are good at. Now I am at ACC I'm back in the role where I am employed for something I am good at, I have no Faff to deal with, I get to do hands-on, meaningful work and I'm loving it. So is Aberdeen missing out on the tech industry boom? The tech industry in Scotland is reported to movie comparison be worth ?5 Billion! The bulk of this is and family in america scooped up by Edinburgh, Dundee and Glasgow. SkyScanner, FanDuel and FreeAgent plus more in movie book comparison essays, Edinburgh, Thriving Games industry in Dundee, and a new Tech hub in Glasgow. There is a real buzz right now around tech companies and startups.
Is Aberdeen being left behind and missing out? Aberdeen could do with a boost at this time. On Best In Sanskrit! In 2016 Scotland employed 84,000 people in tech. And this year there is movie book comparison even more demand. Web and mobile developers are like hot cakes! ( Who me? ) What does Aberdeen need to do to get more of a share? It doesn't need any natural resources (sorry oil!) it doesn't need to establish be geographically located near anywhere. It doesn't need huge investment, It doesn't even need good weather and sun. Have been 20 years… (actually only 4 days). Im gonna buy a dinghy. Gonna call her dignity.
I started on movie essays Tuesday at the Marischal Collage office in the center of Aberdeen. Wow, what a nice place to list higher english be. I thought working at the new AIBP office in Dyce would be hard to beat. But I think Marischal collage has it by a nose. Super new, clean, open, wired for tech, great architecture and right in the center of town. My first day was a quick drive in to the park and ride in Bridge of Don and jump on a bus. I had to book comparison laugh as on the bus was a mate from Udny also off to his first morning in his new job. We both had a report time of 9:30, we both had our smart new clothes on, and had our packed lunches and playpiece in our school bags.
It was good to pass the higher essay questions, time on comparison the first bus ride for a while. So Im starting my new job on Tuesday next week. Im super excited to essay friend in sanskrit move into movie book, a new career and see what its like to be a full time Web Developer. I need to figure out how to get to the center of case stroke patient occupational Aberdeen from out in movie essays, the sticks of Udny Station each day. Its either bus all the way or park and marriage and family in america ride part of the way. Essays! I might have to get my old mountain bike running again and take up cycling part of the way too. Anyway thats next week. Myself and Jamie have been busy with Udny Designs over other ways this essay will the past couple of weeks. We have been bombing round Aberdeenshire building robots with kids holiday clubs. We had made simple to construct kits in book comparison, the shed along with small wooden hammers and put all the parts in little zip lock bags.
We made 50 in total and had a good production line going on in the house. Tuesday and Wednesday last week we found ourselves in Banff and Peterhead in marriage in america essays, local schools. The classes had about 8 to 10 kids, and we would step by movie comparison essays, step take them through the construction of their individual robots. Starting with adding the goggly eyes to the head, then with the essay, hammer and lots of noise, banging adding the neck to the head and then to book essays the body. A pair of legs and feet had them standing up, then shoulders and arms had them waving or impersonating super man.
We had printed off some stickers and each kit included a couple of body, arms and head stickers. Essay On Best In Sanskrit! www.udnydesign.co.uk was included on the sticker for a little bit of free advertising. So my Dad had his own business when I was growing up. Tuckwell Cable Vision Enterprises. He worked for the British Telecom and movie book comparison left to start his own business. Inspired by a cable television system he installed in our village he set up on his own to bring TV signal to other villages in the highlands. This was back in the late 70s and many villages did not receive Television signal.
Our village North Kessock was no exception shielded from the on best in sanskrit, local transmitter by the hills behind. Dad came up with a plan to book comparison essays put an Ariel on the hill with good TV signal and through a distribution network of cables and ethos amplifiers pipe the book essays, signal down to all the villagers. A lot of work, cables and amplifiers gave North Kessock 3 channels to watch. List Higher Questions! My claim to fame is movie essays pulling the main feed cable under the newly built A9 dual carriageway. A small child size pipe carried the Drumsmittal burn under the road. A lot of how to credit a source essay head scratching on how to get the cable to the other side till I piped up “I’ll crawl through it”.
Speaking of a leap of establish essay faith. I watched an essays interesting clip on english essay questions YouTube this week describing the Tarzan method. It rang true to me on a number of levels. It seems to be what I have been doing over the last few months. So I am developing my own software application. Its a medical app to movie comparison help people with a certain condition. Its early days and I think it is ways to say this essay will discuss possible. I cant say exactly what it is movie comparison but it could be mobile for use during the marriage essays, day, and an online interface for a more detailed view and movie essays review later.
It had me thinking about how I would monetise it. We buy the occasional app from the App Store for my boys, normally I get them to aim for free apps, but every so often there is one they want for 79p or ?1 something. I think the essay in sanskrit, most I have been persuaded to pay was ?3.99. So its been a super busy couple of weeks. Ive been to Business Gateway a few times, Ive been fielding work requests, and I went for a sort of interview, not for a job but to movie book comparison attend an entrepreneur workshop. Super interested, it will be 2 days a week for 12 weeks and I will be in Cohort 1 as its the first time its being run (another Cohort?). I don't want to say too much at marriage in america this stage as its just in the early stages and I may not get in or it may not get funding (it will be free if it does). Heres hoping it does as it should be a good experience and book comparison from what I have seen of the curriculum it will be great for Udny Solutions. Speaking of Udny Solutions. List Questions! In other news and book comparison essays this is a biggie… Udny Solutions received its first job last Friday.
Hurray! we are up and list running. Its not massive but its a start and movie book comparison essays Im feeling really privileged at the opportunity. Im an engineer, and have interests beyond coding and software. I like to get my hands dirty and build things mechanical too. On Best In Sanskrit! So I built an electric car. Its a few years old now and has to movie book essays be maintained and repaired occasionally but it gets good mpg and lots of use.
It took quite a few skills to build it, including woodworking, welding, mechanical design and on best electrical work. I bought plans for the car as a kit back in 2008 shortly after Jamie was born. They came with a build manual and movie essays large A1 sheets of other this essay discuss paper detailing the cutting patterns for the bodywork. You have probably guessed by movie comparison, now from the pictures that the other ways to say this essay will discuss, electric car is intended for kids. Book Comparison! The plans came from www.toylander.com, which makes 1/3 scale replica Landrover and Jeeps. The plans I bought were for the Geepstar, which is and family a replica Willies jeep from America. So this week I had a couple of comparison meetings at the Business Gateway Hub in Aberdeen. A cool and trendy place for business startups. Bright colours, breakout spaces, hot desks, a cafe and a real buzz. Its a fun place to visit and network with like minded people.
I spent quite a lot of time there last summer before heading off to other ways to say essay discuss Edinburgh. Movie Book Essays! But now Im back and ethos ready to do my own thing I can go back to attending the business startup seminars. These are great and book comparison essays free to attend in subjects related to setting up and running your own business. The first one I attended last year was Business Startup Awareness. A very open and informal group of about 15 people being instructed on best practices on how to ethos essay setup and start their own business. Lots of book comparison practical tips and hints starting from the minute you enter the this essay, room. Kickoff was a quick round the movie, room with each person doing their elevator pitch. “Hi Im Adrian and essay Im a software engineer and movie I am going to change the ethos, world” So a job title describes someone’s job or position in a company.
I have had quite a few over the years. My earliest job title was when I was 15 as Sales Assistant in movie, Boots the essay, Chemist the Eastgate centre in Inverness (and yes after playing havoc with their computers I went on essays to work there) I worked on the record and photography counter. I had a name badge with my position on establish it. Movie Book Comparison! Check me! Next up I started working with my Dad in his own business (Tuckwell Cable Vision Enterprises) fitting TV and therapy background music systems. I didn't have an official title but was an Apprentice Engineer . I learnt a lot about comparison essays running in cables, using tools and other this essay connecting and movie book essays commissioning systems.
We installed some of the first satellite dishes in list questions, the highlands, and at the time they were 1.8m across and came in petals. I then went to University and became a Student , 2 summers were spent working with my Dad and I continued to be an movie Apprentice Engineer gaining more hands on skills. In 3rd summer I was offered a job in the Highland council to be a IT assistant where I was responsible for marriage and family, maintaining network backups and doing print runs working on a shift rotation. I also became an expert in fixing the pole tax collating machine, which took ordered forms folded them and put them in comparison essays, envelopes. It was temperamental to say the least. Have I become an Education Junkie? So this is it. No more student, Ive finished and submitted all my CodeClan continuous assessment work for my PDA. Its just a matter of waiting for a source in an, my certificate to appear in the post and I’ll have a Professional Development Award in book essays, Software Development.
I guess it can go in higher essay, the drawer with my Being In Electrical and Electronic Engineering, my Diploma in Design and Innovation and my Certificate of book User Interface Design and Evaluation. Have I become an education junkie? I'm Adrian Tuckwell and This is How I Work. CodeClan - I am a graduate of Scotlands first and only Digital Skills Academy. So Im writing this from home in higher essay, Aberdeenshire, I have left Edinburgh and my CodeClan learning experience has finished.
After 16 weeks of full time study, lectures, homework, projects and no life I have graduated. Go me! I did it and have a certificate to prove it. I am a trained coder. Comparison Essays! A certificate from the and family, Scottish Qualifications Authority should also follow shortly.
I am one of a about 100 graduates from Scotlands first and only digital skills academy. How cool is that! Now I have finished, the movie comparison essays, first thing I would say is essay on best in sanskrit I miss the routine and the people having spent so many hours over the 16 weeks living and breathing code and hanging out with my cohorts. Looking back and having come from 20 years in an office enviroment it was an odd experience at first but I soon got used to it. I imagine its what it is like to work at Google, People huddled round laptops, dress down Friday every day, chill out comparison essays, spaces and table tennis room. Marriage And Family Essays! With hindsight we were fully absorbed into book comparison, a little CodeClan cocoon and the environment was set up with the purpose of learning to code and do it supported by your tutors, support staff and fellow cohorts. It was a brilliant place to study and work. Before I go into marriage essays, what I have learnt here are key some figures from my time: CodeClan week 16 - The Gladiators have been thrown to the pit! So its the last week and we are now fully trained Coding Gladiators. The week has become a bit surreal as everyone is competing against each other for movie book comparison, the glory of a new job.
I completed some of it but did not get a fully working game. Establish Ethos Essay! Id like to say the main reason is movie comparison essays I ran out of stroke time which is movie comparison essays partly true, but I did get stuck with a bug in serving up my API data (Rails where are you?). Thank goodness for one on one instructor homework reviews! Lessons start with an introduction to Rails, and in a 2 minute whirlwind of commands we had a fully functioning website, although just flat HTML it was a website. Case Stroke! What was generated in a few commands had previously taken us days to code from book essays scratch. I can see the power of Rails and instantly like it. Coding is a source fun but if something like Rails can do the boring bones for you quickly Im ok with that. CodeClan week 14 - Speed Dating with potential Employers. So after a couple of weeks off Im back in Edinburgh CodeClan for week 14. Much excitement to see my fellow cohorts who have now firmly become good friends.
Frameworks are intended to add more structure to the code. Using React this quickly becomes apparent as code and its component parts start to fall into place and code becomes easier to manage. Less Like Jekyll and Hyde and comparison no more Spaghetti. 2017 - Happiness and in essay, my control. So here is the plan… I have just turned 46 and its the start of a new year. The most common question I have been asked since I was made redundant last year is movie book “What are you going to marriage essays do?” “Im going back to school to learn to be a Software Programmer” has been my response for the last few months and has worked well but the reality is I finish my PDA in Software Development in essays, just 3 weeks time. How To A Source Essay! That takes up January and the question is back.
Its odd how we define ourselves by what we do for book comparison, a Job and who we work for. In reality I would like to establish say my main Job is being Dad. It is the thing that I will be spending my most time doing for at least the next 10 years (any beyond). So Dad is what Im doing next and in the time when the boys are at school I’d like to do many things: 2016 - A good year with one tiny exception. So to get the exception out of the way first. Redundancy! After a number of movie book essays odd events I found myself at risk in the 3rd round of redundancies at Aker Solutions Aberdeen. Id been there for how to credit in an, 23 years and on the most part had a great time.
It was a great company to work for. However in the year up to redundancy the cracks were showing, Little in the way of new or interesting work, lack of movie any real direction in the department I worked for and a total lack of study stroke patient leadership. So on the day after I was put at risk, or should I say my ‘position’ was put at risk, I was asked to work overtime, work the weekend and movie essays cancel a weeks holiday… So it was time to take some control back. I could possibly have put up more of a fight and argued but I was done. Its a strange feeling having to give up something you had worked for and enjoyed for essay on best friend, so long. The timing couldn't have been better.
It was the start of the school summer holidays and I had as much free time as I wanted to movie book essays spend with my boys (Jamie 8 and Thomas 5). We had a brilliant summer riding bikes, playing in the garden, playing lego, going to the park and camping. I noticed quickly my health was improving, I was sleeping better and case study stroke occupational generally feeling good…was I ill? During the summer I also attended some career events and movie book comparison met with a few people who made some good suggestions as to what to list essay do next. Become a teacher? Yea that sounds good where do I sign. I applied and was rejected! I don't have higher English.
Unfortunately 30 odd years ago when I was planning to become an Engineer I had chose Technical Drawing over Higher English. The rejection letter was interesting in that it had quite a few grammar errors in it which made me laugh, My english isn't the best but hey I was going to be teaching computer programming. Work for myself? I attended a number of brilliant training courses run by the Business Gateway in Aberdeen. With the theme of comparison Digital Boost they provide free courses that help with setting up your own business.
They also provide a coach to help you through the process. I have one waiting in how to credit a source in an, the sidelines till Im ready. CodeClan week 13 - Group Project Week. So this is group project week. Just over 10 weeks ago we sat in on Cohort 6 making their presentations for their group projects. At that time we were 3 weeks in and the book comparison essays, thought was how on earth will we be ready to create projects like that. All were brilliant and on best well executed. Now Its our turn… Last Wednesday we were split into out teams using the CodeClan randomiser. I was first team member up and was then quickly joined by another 3 team mates.
In all there are 6 teams of 3’s and 4’s. Keeping in essays, mind what we had learnt and sticking to ways this discuss Cohort 7 rules (-see right) we had a week to essays ourselves to execute our project. We were set a number of project challenges that we could pick from, all with an MVP (Minimal Viable Product) that we must meet, and given free reign to add as many extras as we wanted. We formed a huddle in the canteen area and went through each project. We quickly discounted a couple and homed in on 3 projects that we would then discuss in detail. First up we discussed ‘Astronaut Dashboard’. We sketched out on a A3 what we could make with this and searched for API’s that we could pull data from. Second was an Educational App where we could produce a website app with a theme that again could pull from API’s and present the data in a teaching way. The third and in america essays the one that enthused the team the most was a ‘Trip Planner’ app, where a user could plan a trip using visuals from Google Maps API.
It was more of a shed application than a cathedral, but hey I like sheds. The Cathedral will come next week. Monday was a standup as usual at movie book essays 9:00 followed by an individual instructor review of the weekends homework. Again I did the case study patient occupational therapy, bulk of it on the train on the way home on the previous Friday. This time it was to comparison essays pull movie data from an API and display it in a browser and marriage and family essays add some CSS to make it look good. Code Clan Week 11 - Meeting the DOM.
A new Cohort (Cohort 9) started this morning so we now have 3 cohorts (7, 8 and 9) all doing standup in parallel. Essay In Sanskrit! This is making the office really busy but giving it a new buzz. Lots of new faces and personalities round the building. This week is Computer Science theory week (zzzz) and also preparing for book comparison essays, job applications week (double zzzz). Coding where have you gone we miss you?. Its not so bad as in preparation for the job application process we have been given a typical coding test that you may be asked to do prior to an interview. We have the how to credit in an essay, week to implement during spare time. I really enjoyed this task and it showed that what Im learning and Java is starting to take hold. It was just a simple shopping basket where you had to add items, update the total for movie, BOGOF items, apply discounts.
I was able to on best friend perform the task with minimal fuss and minimal googling and managed to get the movie book comparison essays, methods and tests passing relatively quickly. A Computer Science degree is a 4 year full time course so to in america cover it all in a week is a big ask and book the course doesn't try to replicate that, however it does give you some basics of the concepts. During the mornings this week, computer science theory covered topics of Algorithms and introduced to Big O notation and how to win quickly at the kids Guess Who Game. We were introduced to parallel programming which was brilliant to how to credit a source essay see the performance improvements that could be made in a resource expensive process by adding parallel threads. We were shown a really good video from movie book Mythbusters that shows the concept applied to a Graphical Processing Unit. Study Stroke Patient Occupational! (Link Here). There was a morning of going through various terms applied to OOP including the 4 pillars again.
Much needed refresher and movie book comparison the terms are starting to take hold, I can talk the essay, talk. A representative from a company called 13 coders came in on the Monday afternoon and went through a workshop on their current recruitment process and what we might encounter when applying for vacancies. This was an excellent afternoon of practical hands on exercises: We split into movie book comparison, small teams and did a whiteboard exercise on how we would break down a Monopoly Game into a software program. Other Essay Will! Trying to do this in the allotted 25 minutes is comparison impossible but shows how you interact with others and make a start on a complex task. Failure was always going to be the case study patient therapy, result and it was interesting to see how far you could get, and how people would become disappointed that they did not complete the comparison essays, full Monopoly program. We were split into twos and given a real world ‘pair programming’ task of creating a Linked List with tests in Java, with only 25 minutes to do so. Having not covered Link Lists in Java as yet it was a panic google to find out what they are and frantically recreating the other ways to say this essay discuss, concept using Array Lists.
With two of you working on the task it is amazing how fast you can come up with a solution. In the enemy fellow cohort and I managed to get about 80% complete and had the movie comparison essays, code uploaded to Git Hub with all associated tests passing. Again to complete the test in the 25minutes would be difficult at the best of marriage in america times but in an interview environment who knows what it will be like. We were split into movie book comparison, groups and provided question cards and had to on best ask each other mock code related interview questions. Please explain what Encapsulation is? Whats the difference between Overriding and Overloading?
What is comparison essays Abstraction? The whole exercise was both off-putting and essay discuss good fun at the same time. Code Clan Week 8 - Android - Like putting your pants on two legs at a time! So Im at the halfway mark (Trumpets and fireworks) 8 weeks down and 8 weeks to go. This week was the second full project week and the task was to to create an Android App on Android Studio and Java. The task I picked was to create a basic ToDo list. Simple in principal when you have pen and paper, but gets hard when you want to program it in Java, and even harder when you add in movie comparison essays, Google Android operating system. No matter I set about the task on the previous Friday and planned out essay, a basic application in movie book comparison essays, a used case diagram and imagined what classes I would need to establish create.
I had been given some notes on book essays how to use list views so put them into practice making a very basic application. I wanted to add more functionality and have the ability to save any tasks created into the app. I had been recommended a book called Android the Big Nerd Ranch, so after a quick look on line it found its way into my Kindle. Monday I spent my time adding Java functionality and getting to grips with fragments and adding to a basic app. Tuesday I added SQL lite and made my data persistent and saved it to memory. Wednesday I spent the day playing with Androids equivalent of CSS and messed about with how the App would look, changing colours, fonts and adding a splash screen. Thursday was big presentation day where each Cohort had 15 minutes to credit essay demonstrate their project and explain how they had coded it and discuss how they got on. Code Clan Week 7 - Java + Android = Cool Apps. So week seven and we are being introduced to the world of Android. What?
Being fully entangled into book comparison essays, the apple ecosystem with iPhone, iPad, iMac and macbook this was a bit of a shocker but needs must. Combining java and Android studio lets us write our own apps and have them installed and case study patient occupational therapy running on (our) Android mobile devices. A quick pitstop to comparison essays Amazon has a cheap 7 (?34) Android tablet is in the post. Thanks NUS student card and stroke patient occupational therapy Amazon Prime. The week starts on the Monday with a standup and a review of the weekend homework .The exercise to create a card game in Java left a few broken people. This was a tuff assignment and took a bunch of time at book comparison essays the weekend but I managed the majority of and family essays it and managed to get to the stage where I was able to movie book simulate (with tests) the basic Pontoon functionality and compare two hands for highest value. The days lesson moves us into Android studio and into an an Integrated Development Environment (IDE).
To start off and keep things simple the other ways to say this essay discuss, IDE is used to movie comparison essays just for ethos, coding Java. Initially its quite a change, but quickly the benefits become apparent: The IDE checks the code on book the fly as you are typing and will underline anything formatted incorrectly with red and underline. It also, with the use of TAB key suggests and auto completes input text, which speeds up the typing. Tuesday - had us building our first App as part of a Code along. A simple magic 8 Ball app where you could ask a question and it would give you a random answer. The Java code used android libraries and we had it running on an Android phone emulator on case stroke patient therapy our desktops.
Brilliant to see the process of making a couple of simple screens and have Java code control them on a phone. Wednesday - and we were given a group lab where we were split into movie comparison, teams of 3 and english essay questions tasked with making a Rock/Paper/Scissors app. The timescale was about book comparison 4 hours and ways this essay discuss as a team we had to do the movie book comparison, Java code and the Android front end have a working app by the end of it. Case Occupational Therapy! This was a real high and the 4 hours zipped past before we were ready to present to the class. Some premature high fives in the team had the first play show a draw, second play another draw and the third play also a draw. Some minor tweaking and book comparison debugging code we had it working in time for presentation. Thursday - gave us some more tools in the form of Menu's and toasts (popups) that could be used in our apps and then some instruction on list questions how the apps could be downloaded to essays real Android phones and Tablets. In the english essay questions, afternoon we were set our project task for the coming week. There was a choice of 6 briefs that we could choose from. These were a range of movie comparison Java and Android app suggestions that we would need to plan, version control code test and present on study stroke patient therapy the following Thursday. Code Clan Week 6 - They put Java in my Ferrari!
So Im back in Edinburgh for week 6. There was no homework at the weekend so it was a good opportunity to recover from last weeks project by not writing any code. This week we are moving away from Ruby and off into the world of Java programming and into a Compiled language. Monday starts with standup at 9:00 with 21 relaxed cohorts ready to be thrown into the deep end of essays a new language. And Family In America Essays! Lots more learning and at an even more rapid pace than before. Java was intended to let developers write once, run anywhere (WORA) meaning that compiled Java code can run on all sorts of platforms that support Java without the need for recompilation. So it is possible to comparison run it on the operating system on your PC, your Mac, your toaster or even your Ferrari.
Although Ive said 'rapid learning' above Java did not seem as painful as Ruby day one. The Java code did look familiar, with variables and methods similar but in camelCase and how to a source in an lots of semicolons. Movie Book Comparison Essays! The days lessons were on Classes and Multiple classes and had us building dogs, cats and bear coding examples. Oh and remembering to friend compile the movie comparison essays, code. Ruby is an interpreted language and does not need compiled. Java does. Tuesday and after standup we had probably the hardest day yet. Long and so much to take in. A Bear example saw us learning about Array lists Casting and Polymorphism. Arrays in Ruby you can shovel any old thing into them. Java you cant and you have to list higher essay questions define their size before you start.
Array lists help us get round this. Polymorphism! Joy! ..this is the ability for something to take on many forms. So if you have a Car Class and movie comparison a Ferrari Class, the Ferrari can go into Car Shaped memory and also go into a Ferrari shaped memory. The Afternoon was a lab expanding what our bear from marriage Monday could do and giving him ability to eat Salmon and Humans, and book essays dance salsa. Wednesday.. hmmm it was harder than Tuesday!