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Film Reviews - The Latest Film Reviews - Time Out London
SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. Whether you've never written an SAT Essay or didn't get the score you wanted on your last test, you can benefit from knowing more: both about the review of films Essay itself, and argumentative essay genetic what really matters when the graders are reading your essay. Here are 15 tips to master the SAT essay . If you can reliably follow all these points, you'll be able to get at least a 6/6/6 on the SAT essay - guaranteed. The SAT Essay is review of films, a very short assignment. Research On Legalization! You only get 50 minutes to read a 650-750 word passage, analyze the devices the author uses to structure her/his argument, and write a full-fledged essay - and it can pass in a flash if you don't have a method for attacking it. Writing an SAT essay requires a very specific approach that's unlike the essays you've been writing for of films English class in school. Fan! The goal of this strategy is to cram in as many as possible of the desired components in the 50 minutes you've got.
In this article, we give you 15 key tips for the SAT essay. The first five tips in review of films, this article relate to what the College Board tells us about thesis fan what's a good essay. The next five are truths that the College Board doesn't want you to know (or doesn’t make explicit). And the last five tips for SAT essay writing show you how to build an SAT essay, step by review of films step. What the College Board Does Tell You: 5 Tips. The College Board explains the main components of the electric successful SAT Essay in its scoring criteria. Here they are condensed: The SAT essay rubric states: The response includes a precise central claim.”
What this means is that your essay needs to make a clear argument that the reader can easily identify. All you have to do to create your precise central claim is to identify the review main idea of the study and development with passage and list the methods the of films author uses to support it. Fortunately, the SAT provides you with the passage’s main idea, so you don’t have to go hunting for it yourself. I've bolded the claim in this (fake) sample prompt so you can see this for yourself: Write an essay in which you explain how Sam Lindsay builds an argument to persuade her audience that more works of art should feature monsters . In your essay, analyze how Lindsay uses one or more of the features listed in the box above (or features of your own choice) to strengthen the logic and persuasiveness of her argument. Be sure that your analysis focuses on notes, the most relevant features of the passage. Your essay should not explain whether you agree with Lindsay’s claims, but rather explain how Lindsay builds an review, argument to persuade her audience. Now, here's an example of a thesis statement for essay an essay responding to this prompt:
In the article “Monsters Monsters Everywhere,” Sam Lindsay uses personal anecdotes, vivid language, and appeals to emotion to review, persuade her audience that more works of art should feature monsters. It's fine to copy the exact words describing the author’s central claim from the prompt into your thesis statement—in fact, this guarantees that the graders will see that your thesis is sentence, there and on-topic. #2: Include Both an Introduction and of films a Conclusion. The SAT essay rubric states: The response includes a skillful introduction and conclusion.” Including an introduction paragraph in your essay is absolutely essential to getting a Writing score above a 4/8.
The introduction paragraph introduces the reader to what you’ll be talking about and allows you to set up the structure for the rest of the essay. Plus, an introduction can be a pretty good indicator of the quality for the rest of the essay – a poorly constructed introduction is often a warning that the essay that follows will be equally discombobulated. It's best to have both an introduction and a conclusion, but if you’re running short on time and thesis fan can only have one, definitely pick the introduction. A good introduction includes your thesis statement. For the review SAT essay, as I discussed in the previous point, your thesis (or your precise central claim) should be a statement about case study on training and development questions what devices the author uses to build her/his argument. Introductions can be tricky to write, because whatever you write in that paragraph can then make you feel like you’re locked into writing just about that. If you’re struggling, leave yourself 10 blank lines at the beginning of the essay and of films jump into writing your body paragraphs.
Just make sure you remember to go back and write in your introduction before time’s up! #3: Use Effective Language and Word Choice. There are a couple of parts of the Writing score section on the SAT essay rubric that pertain directly to style. First, the SAT essay rubric states: The response is cohesive and demonstrates a highly effective use and command of language. For most of us, this is an area that takes a long time to develop, so unless your language skills are really rough or you're prepping a year ahead of time (or both), you'll probably get more out of focusing on the other components of the essay. The SAT essay rubric also states: “The response has a wide variety in sentence structures. The response demonstrates a consistent use of precise word choice. The response maintains a formal style and objective tone.” This basically boils down to: don't be repetitive and research paper on legalization of drugs don't make grammar mistakes. In addition, you should avoid using first person statements like I or My in the essay, along with any other informality. You're writing the equivalent of a school paper, not an opinion piece.
“I think that Sam’s super persuasive in this article cause she’s just so passionate. It made me feel kinda bad that I don’t really monster it up in review of films, my everyday life.” “Lindsay’s passionate defense of how drawing monsters 'allows us to laugh at our personal foibles' causes her audience to put themselves in her shoes and empathize with her position.” Finally, try to use different words to describe the same idea - don't use shows 15 times. Take the research paper on legalization of drugs chance to show off your vocabulary ( if, and of films only if , the vocabulary is appropriate and makes sense) . This component is the on training and development with biggest reason why revising your SAT Essay is of films, essential - it's fast and easy to change repeated words to other ones after you're finished, but it can slow you down during writing to worry about your word choice. If you're aiming for a top score, using advanced vocabulary appropriately is vital.
#4: Only Use Information From the Passage. All the relevant information is in the passage, so avoid getting drawn into the topic and using your outside knowledge – you want to be sure to show that you’ve read the passage. In real life, there are many ways to support a thesis, depending on the topic. But on the SAT, there's one kind of correct support: specific details drawn from the argumentative testing passage you’re asked to analyze . We'll show you more below. #5: Focus Your Essay on Relevant Details.
You don’t have to mention every single detail that makes the review of films argument effective. In fact, your essay will be more coherent and more likely to score higher in Analysis if you focus your discussion on research on legalization of drugs, just a few points . It's more important to show that you're able to pick out the most important parts of the argument and review explain their function that it is to be able to identify every single persuasive device the author used. Think about it as if you were asked to write a 50-minute essay describing the human face and what each part does. An Essay On Criticism! A clear essay would just focus on major features - eyes, nose, and mouth. A less effective essay might also try to discuss cheekbones, eyebrows, eyelashes, skin pores, chin clefts, and review dimples as well. Paper On Legalization! While all of these things are part of the face, it would be hard to get into detail about each of the parts in just 50 minutes. And this is the eye, and this is the other eye, and this is the. other eye. and of films the other eye. and the other. A Thesis! wait. what's going on here? What the College Board Doesn’t Tell You: 5 Secrets. Even though the SAT essay has clearly stated, publicly-available guidelines, there are a few secrets to writing the essay that most students don't know and that can give you a major advantage on the test.
#1: Read the Prompt Before the Passage. Why? Because the prompt includes the description of the author’s claim. Knowing what the author’s claim is going into the article can help keep you focused on the argument, rather than getting caught up in of films, reading the passage (especially if the topic is practice a thesis, one you're interested in). #2: Your Facts Must Be Accurate…But Your Interpretation Doesn’t Have to review of films, Be.
A big part of the practice a thesis sentence Analysis score for the SAT essay is not just identifying the devices the author uses to build her argument, but explaining the of films effect that the use of these devices has on the reader . You don’t have to research of drugs, be completely, 100% accurate about the effect the of films passage has on the reader, because there is an essay notes, no one right answer. Review! As long as you are convincing in your explanation and cite specific examples, you’ll be good. Here's an example of an on training and development with, interpretation about what effect a persuasive device has on the reader (backed by evidence from the passage): Lindsay appeals to the emotions of of films her readers by practice a thesis describing the forlorn, many-eyed creatures that stare reproachfully at her from old school notebook margins. The sympathy the readers feel for these forgotten doodles is expertly transferred to review of films, Lindsay herself when she draws the connection between the drawn monsters and her own life: “Often, I feel like one of these monsters – hidden away in my studio, brushes yearning to create what no one else cares to essay on best friend in sanskrit, see.” Now, you don't necessarily know for sure if sympathy for the doodles is what the author was going for in her passage. The SAT essay graders probably don't know either (unless one of them wrote the passage). But as long as you can make a solid case for your interpretation, using facts and quotes from the of films passage to back it up , you'll be good. #3: You Should Write More Than One Page. This has always been true for argumentative essay testing the SAT essay, but for review of films the first time ever, the College Board actually came out in The Official SAT Study Guide and explicitly said that length really does matter . Argumentative! Here's the description of a 1-paragraph, 120-word-long student response that received a Writing score of 2/8 (bolding mine).
“Due to the brief nature of the response , there is not enough evidence of review of films writing ability to merit a score higher than one. On Best Friend In Sanskrit! Overall, this response demonstrates inadequate writing .” (source: The Official SAT Study Guide (March 2016 Beyond) , p. 206) You’ll have one page for (ungraded) scrap paper that you can use to plan out your essay, and four pages of writing paper for the essay – plan on writing at least two pages for your essay . #4: Be Objective When Reading the Passage. Being able to stay detached while reading the passage you'll be writing the review essay about can be tricky. This task might be especially difficult for of drugs students who were used to the old SAT essay (which pretty much made it mandatory for you to choose one side or the other). You’ll have to practice reading persuasive essays and review of films gaining objectivity (so that you are able to write about electric how the review argument is constructed, not whether it’s good or bad). A good way to practice this is to read news articles on topics you care deeply about by an essay on criticism people who hold the opposite review of films, view that you do . For instance, as a composer and violist/violinist, I might read articles about and development with questions how children should not be encouraged to play musical instruments, since it holds no practical value later on in life (a view I disagree with vehemently). I would then work on of films, my objectivity by jotting down the central ideas, most important details, and thesis electric fan how these details relate to the central ideas of the article . Being able to understand the central ideas in the passage and details without being sidetracked by review of films rage (or other emotions) is argumentative essay genetic, key to writing an review, effective SAT essay. Don't let the electric fan monster of rage distract you from of films your purpose.
#5: Memorize and Identify Specific Persuasive Techniques. Once you’re able to read articles objectively (as discussed in an essay, point 4 above), the next step is to be able to break down the argument in the articles . Of Films! To do this successfully, you'll need to be aware of some of the an essay on criticism techniques that are frequently used to build arguments. The SAT essay prompt does mention a few of these techniques (bolding mine): As you read the passage below, consider how Lindsay uses. evidence, such as facts or examples , to support claims. Review! reasoning to develop ideas and to connect claims and evidence. stylistic or persuasive elements, such as word choice or appeals to emotion , to add power to the ideas expressed. It’s certainly possible to wing it and go into the test without knowing specific names of particular persuasive devices and just organically build up your essay from features you notice in the article.
However, it's way easier to go into the essay knowing certain techniques that you can then scan the passage for . For instance, after noting the central ideas and important details in electric fan, the article about how more works of art should feature monsters, I would then work on analyzing the way the author built her argument. Does she use statistics in the article? Personal anecdotes? Appeal to emotion? I discuss the top persuasive devices you should know in more detail in the article 6 SAT Essay Examples to Answer Every Prompt. How to Get All the Necessary Components in 50 Minutes: 5 Step-By-Step Strategies.
When you write an SAT essay, you only review of films have 50 minutes to read, analyze, and write an essay, which means that you need a game plan going in. Here's a short step-by-step guide on how to writing sentence, write an of films, effective SAT essay. Don’t just summarize the thesis electric passage in your essay, or identify persuasive devices used by the author - instead, be sure to review, actually analyze the way the author of the passage builds her argument. As The Official SAT Study Guide states, [Y]our discussion should focus on electric fan, what the author does, why he or she does it, and what effect this is likely to have on readers. College Board makes a point of specifying this very point in its grading rubric as well - an essay that scores a 2 (out of 4) or below in Analysis merely asserts, rather than explains [the persuasive devices'] importance. Review Of Films! If you want to sentence, get at least a 3/4 (or a 6/8) in Analysis, you need to heed this warning and stay on task . #2: Support Your Points With Concrete Evidence From the Passage.
The best way to get a high Reading score for your essay is to quote from the passage appropriately to of films, support your points . This shows not only that you’ve read the passage (without your having to summarize the passage at all), but also that you understand what the author is saying and the way the friend in sanskrit author constructed her argument. As an alternative to using direct quotations from the passage, it’s also okay to paraphrase some of what you discuss. If you are explaining the author's argument in your own words, however, you need to be extra careful to make sure that the facts you're stating are accurate - in contrast to scoring on review, the old SAT essay, scoring on the new SAT essay takes into account factual inaccuracies and penalizes you for them. The SAT essay rubric states: “The response demonstrates a deliberate and practice writing highly effective progression of ideas both within paragraphs and throughout the essay.” The main point to take away from review of films this is that you should follow the standard structure for an SAT essay (introduction-body-body-conclusion) . Essay Friend In Sanskrit! Using a basic 4-5 paragraph essay structure will both keep you organized AND make it easier for review the essay graders to follow your reasoning - a win-win situation! Furthermore, you should connect each paragraph to each other through effective transitions. Friend! We'll give you ways to improve your performance in this area in the articles linked at the end of this article.
#4: Make Time to Read, Analyze, Plan, Write, and Revise. Make sure you allocate appropriate amounts of time for each of the review steps you’ll need to take to write the essay – 50 minutes may seem like a long time, but it goes by awfully quick with all the things you need to do. Reading the passage, analyzing the argument, planning your essay, writing your essay, and sentence revising are all important components for review of films writing an an essay notes, 8/8/8 essay. For a breakdown of how much time to spend on review, each of these steps, be sure to check out our article on how to write an SAT essay, step-by-step. The more you practice the analysis and the writing, the better you’ll get at the task of writing an SAT essay (as you work up to writing a thesis, it a little at a time). It's especially important to practice the analysis and writing components of the of films essay if you are a slow reader (since reading speed can be difficult to change). Being able to analyze and write quickly can help balance out the extra time you take to read and essay on best friend comprehend the material (plus, the time you put into review working on analysis and writing will yield greater rewards than time spent trying to increase your reading speed). But don't forget : while it’s okay to fan, break up the practice at first, you also really do need to get practice buckling down and review of films doing the an essay on criticism notes whole task in one sitting . This is review of films, just the beginning of improving your SAT essay score. Next, you actually need to put this into practice with a real SAT essay.
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Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Laura graduated magna cum laude from Wellesley College with a BA in Music and Psychology, and earned a Master's degree in review of films, Composition from the Longy School of Music of Bard College. She scored 99 percentile scores on the SAT and GRE and loves advising students on how to excel in high school. You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about thesis electric fan this article or other topics? Ask below and review of films we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on Each SAT Section:
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Also, provide check function on other designer's drawings. On Training And Development With Questions? Experience with Pro-E Creo and ASME Y14.5 desired. Candidate will also work closely with structural and thermal analysts. Experience with structural and/or thermal analysis tools would be a plus. Review Of Films? Will also support the essay friend in sanskrit, manufacturing line and work issues as required. Will support testing, write reports and create presentations.
Must be a problem solver and work closely with a team. Education, Experience and Desired Tools + BS, Mechanical or Aerospace Engineering + 5-15 years of experience + PRO-E Creo + Intralink / TcUA + Microsoft Office (experienced user) Based on specific stated objectives, performs analysis, design, or test of one or more complex materials, structural components or functional systems of company products. Use advanced structural and product design engineering software tools. Solid knowledge of GDT principles and of films, application to designs. Education and Experience Requires BS in Engineering 4 years or Masters in Engineering 2 years. Orbital ATK is applying entrepreneurial thinking and commercial practices to deliver reliable, innovative and affordable products and services to our customers and grow our core areas while harnessing new technologies that will take our products ? and your ideas ? into the future. When encouraged to think beyond the thesis, ordinary, you?ll be amazed at review of films, what you can do! We are an equal opportunity employer and all qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to race, color, religion, sex, national origin, disability status, protected veteran status, or any other characteristic protected by law. Essay Friend? Equal Opportunity Employer M/F/V/D Job Type:Full Time Desired Travel:less than 25% Years of Experience:5-8 Years Education:Bachelors Expertise:Engineering Group:Defense Orbital ATK Northridge CA. Posted 1 days ago. VIEW JOBS 10/4/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-02T00:00 Mechanical Engineering Manager Location: Northridge, California, United States Requisition #: 17000DCB Post Date: Jul 10, 2017 The Mechanical Engineering Manager for the Diabetes Business Group will provide functional and project leadership of the mechanical Product/Process Development and Machine Shop teams.
It is focused on review the research and development of insulin pumps, glucose sensors, and related ancillary components/systems. As a leader in essay, the IIM Mechanical Engineering RD group, the selected individual with provide technical excellence in review, engineering and process research, product development, and technology development. The job requires strong leadership and practice a thesis sentence, analytical skills combined with a solid understanding of review of films, product development and cross-functional collaboration. The individual selected for this role will be responsible for identifying and implementing, within their teams, best-in-class methods for new product development. DAY IN THE LIFE: •Identify gaps within the paper of drugs, team and work to close said gaps through training, hiring, or organic knowledge growth •Researches available and pipeline technologies for feasibility and potential implementation into medical devices. •Contributes to and leads development of mechanical systems, assembly lines, and test methods. •Drives mechanical product development across multiple projects and development phases. •Supports cost reduction and continuous improvement of products. •Ensures engineering solutions are aligned with product development objectives. Review? •Monitors project risk and identifies ways to prevent risks. Anticipates obstacles and takes appropriate action to resolve issues to ensure success of project. •Applies understanding of Medtronic's business and strategy to think more broadly within own area. •Evaluates new information with existing information/ paradigms to create new and innovative ideas/ways of doing things. •Force design simplification through usage of DRM, DFSS and research paper of drugs, DFMA methodologies •Able to review of films, strategize cross functionally to insure best in class solutions •Develops and mentors staff via daily activities, formal training, development plans and other tools to achieve development goals. •Recruits, retains and develops top technical talent.
Staffs and develops a flexible, high-performing workforce which may include contractors. Essay Genetic? •Manages resources along multiple programs to of films, reach development and manufacturing goals with effective resource allocation and case questions, task prioritization. •Champions the process to review, improve product development efficiency by promoting predictive analysis tools, statistical process controls, effective design reviews and other best practices •Fosters strong working relationships with other functions within and outside RD to align functional and project objectives Must Haves: • BS in Engineering • 7 years of experience in design, analysis and test of mechanical and/or electromechanical components or systems •4years in a supervisory/managerial position • Experience in process development Nice to Haves: •BS Mechanical Engineering •MS Engineering (MSME, MSBME, MSEM, MSMSE) •Strong background in mechanical engineering principles and electric fan, methodologies through on-the-job experience with strengths in review, product development and essay testing, validation •Training and experience in DRM or DFSS is review highly desirable •Strong people leadership and an essay on criticism, coaching skills •Effective problem-solving skills expected. •Experience with complex, cross-functional projects desired. •Experience in low and high volume manufacturing or product hand-off is highly desired •Experience developing and of films, presenting business information with upper management and employees •Experience with leading and managing development activity in support of enterprise wide projects. •Proficient in the application of situational leadership concepts across various intra and inter-departmental matters. •Strong oral / written communication skills and interpersonal skills. •Demonstrated time management, decision making, presentation and organization skills required. •High degree of essay on best in sanskrit, initiative and self-motivation PHYSICAL JOB REQUIREMENTS: The physical demands described within the Responsibilities section of this job description are representative of those that must be met by an employee to successfully perform the essential functions of this job. Reasonable accommodations may be made to enable individuals with disabilities to of films, perform the essential functions. •While performing the duties of this job, the employee is regularly required to be independently mobile. •The employee is also required to interact with a computer, and on criticism notes, communicate with peers and co-workers. •Other examples: Able to lift 25 pounds, Able to review, view items through microscope, Extended periods of an essay, time doing computer-based work • Travel up to 15% ABOUT MEDTRONIC Together, we can change healthcare worldwide. At Medtronic, we push the limits of what technology can do to review, help alleviate pain, restore health and extend life. Practice Writing A Thesis? We challenge ourselves and each other to make tomorrow better than yesterday. It is what makes this an review of films, exciting and notes, rewarding place to be.
We can accelerate and advance our ability to create meaningful innovations – but we will only succeed with the of films, right people on thesis electric our team. Let’s work together to address universal healthcare needs and improve patients’ lives. Help us shape the future. EEO STATEMENT It is the policy of review of films, Medtronic to provide equal employment opportunity (EEO) to all persons regardless of research, age, color, national origin, citizenship status, physical or mental disability, race, religion, creed, gender, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity and/or expression, genetic information, marital status, status with regard to public assistance, veteran status, or any other characteristic protected by federal, state or local law. In addition, Medtronic will provide reasonable accommodations for qualified individuals with disabilities. This employer participates in the federal E-Verify program to confirm the identity and employment authorization of all newly hired employees. For further information about the E-Verify program, please click here: http://www.uscis.gov/e-verify/employees DISCLAIMER The above statements are intended to describe the general nature and level of work being performed by employees assigned to this classification.
They are not intended to be construed as an exhaustive list of all responsibilities, duties and skills required of review, employees assigned to this position. Medtronic Northridge CA. Mechanical Design Engineer Cae- Solidworks. 1. Resume Copy paste or upload your resume. 2. Cover Letter (Optional) 2. Cover Letter (Optional) Attached Cover Letter. 2. Practice A Thesis Sentence? Cover Letter (Optional) Copy paste or upload your cover letter. Don’t have a cover letter? Build one now! We will save your jobs while you are here, but once you leave, they will be discarded.
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2017 MBA Essay Questions: Michigan Ross. 2017 Michigan Ross Two-Year MBA Essay Questions: Class of 2020. Several short-answer questions with multiple options each, plus a standard career goals essay: Your main pitch is in the formal goals essay: Please share your short-term and long-term career goals. What skills/strengths do you have that will be relevant to your career goals? How will Ross prepare you for of films, your goals? (300 words) Hmmm#8230; EssaySnark likes the clarity they#8217;ve given here, with the separate questions #8212; but covering FOUR SPECIFIC ANSWERS in study on training only 300 words. That#8217;s a tall order.
We wish they#8217;d been more permissive on the essay length on this one. Anyway, a solid answer to review, all aspects of this question is an essay notes EXACTLY what you#8217;ll end up with if you do EssaySnark#8217;s Career Goals App Accelerator! The potentially more interesting #8212; and more challenging, if you haven#8217;t yet grasped the importance of being authentic in your MBA essays #8212; are the short-answer questions. You get choices here! You#8217;ll be choosing one from each group of prompts: Group 1 I want people to know that I: I turned an idea into review of films, action when I: I made a difference when I: Group 2 I showed my resilience when I: I was humbled when: I am out of my comfort zone when: Group 3 I was aware that I am different when: I find it challenging when people: A valuable thing I have taught someone: These questions will require extensive BRAINSTORMING and even more STRATEGY and an essay, we lay out review of films some dos and don#8217;ts in friend in sanskrit our Michigan Ross MBA guide for 2017, including which pairs of questions should not be answered together, how dated your stories can be, and what other topics maybe won#8217;t serve you so well in these individual prompts, based on what we#8217;ve seen from others before you. Review? Ross usually has an optional essay too (though they encourage you to use bullets if you can!).
Full-Time MBA App Deadlines for Michigan Ross. Deadlines and the schedule are about the same as they had last year. In the past, they have required any international Rd 1 applicants who want to participate in the Team Exercise to travel to Ann Arbor. Make plans to do so if you#8217;re serious about on legalization this school (or, try in Round 2 instead). In 2016, interview invites were issued the week of October 24th but if you weren#8217;t interviewed, then there was still a possibility of being offered a spot on the waitlist when final decisions come out in review of films December. Friend In Sanskrit? Meaning, nobody was released in of films this round, as happens at argumentative genetic testing, other schools. Round 2: January 2, 2018 Harumph. Ross is of films inflicting the same pain on this year#8217;s BSers as they did last time.
Apparently they didn#8217;t hear our plea from January! This deadline is IMMEDIATELY after the holiday. Very very difficult. Last season in Round 2, they released all no-go candidates on February 17th. See the useful decision tree they posted on their blog in an essay on criticism notes February 2015 to review of films, better understand how the admissions cycle works.
Michigan Ross MBA Recommendations. Again in 2017, just one recommendation (which as we said in 2014 we don#8217;t think is the best thing for argumentative testing, applicants, but they#8217;re sticking with it). This rec must be from current direct supervisor, or you need to review, explain why not in the optional essay. Three main questions for your recommender to answer. Lots of resources for choosing your recommender available here on the blahg; if you want more help, our Letters of Recommendation App Accelerator walks through the specifics and essay on best friend, lets you submit your recommenders#8217; strategy for feedback from EssaySnark.
EXCELLENT examples of of films, accmplshmts that show distinction. Argumentative Essay? Thank you Soojin @MichiganRoss congrats on amazing class! https://t.co/qqvNqDpMHa. Michigan Ross Interviews and of films, Team Based Exercise. Starting halfway through the 2012 admissions cycle, Ross piloted a team interview format which they standardized upon in 2013. There is (almost) no way to prepare for this; it#8217;s very impromptu, by design. Thesis Electric? If you#8217;re a decent person with some manners who treats others well, not too shy and not too pushy, you should do just fine. It#8217;s still important to go through the standard interview prep process, of review, course, so that you#8217;re fluid and comfortable in talking about notes your interest in the MBA especially since Ross does not have a question about career goals in its current essays. You need to be prepared to discuss those. We live-tweeted the review of films, Ross admissions webinar on 12/16/14: From @MichiganRoss prez: You need to on legalization, know yr career goals for the adm interview, but we know that might change. Lots of support on of films, job chgs.
From @MichiganRoss prez: Recruiters want people who are smart and essay in sanskrit, confident, but not cocky. And that#39;s what we want too. (Us too!) We#39;re looking for reasons to admit you, not deny you. This perfectly sums up our impressions of @MichiganRoss admissions team! From @MichiganRoss prez: Don#39;t make a sport of the #GMAT in other words, don#39;t get obsessive with retakes. No essay on Why MBA/Why Ross/Why now for @MichiganRoss but it WILL COME UP IN THE INTERVIEW! Why Ross esp important. Strong emphasis on attending the @MichiganRoss Team Exercise for your interview if you#39;re invited. .@MichiganRoss We mean truly optional for the optional essay. Review Of Films? Use for gap in practice sentence resume, glitch in academics-NOT for expounding on other stuff. Review Of Films? Recommenders should answer the questions we#39;ve asked not just submit a generic letter to @MichiganRoss. Manage up in practice writing sentence this process.
Frm @MichiganRoss abt waiving right to view rec: It doesnt matter to of films, us but keep in on legalization of drugs mind how it may affect how yr recmdr provides input. Review? No scholarship $ left for argumentative essay testing, @MichiganRoss Rd 3 if you care about of films being considered for free money, apply now! #waitlisted candidates shd focus on study on training and development, areas you can control #GMAT, ways you can strengthen yr app. From @MichiganRoss but true everywhere! About 90% of @MichiganRoss students end up changing career (industry or function) great place for career changers. This guide is review new for this year#8217;s short-answer groups of questions and practice, the short-term/long-term/skills and strengths and Ross essay!
For reference: Past Season Ross Essays. The reason we include these past-year questions is so you get a better sense of the school. Studying what they#8217;ve asked before helps you understand more of what they value. When they keep questions consistent, then you know they#8217;re important; when they make changes, the of films, deltas can give you additional perspective. Click to view 2016 questions. They#8217;ve clarified what they#8217;re looking for with these individual questions. Thank you, Ross!
Two questions plus an optional essay: What are you most proud of outside of your professional life ? How does it shape who you are today? 400 words (emphasis added) What is friend in sanskrit your desired career path and why? 400 250 words (ouch!) The first essay question is near-identical to what they had last year except that they#8217;re being specific: They don#8217;t want professional stuff here! That bolded text is of films new. The second question is identical except, dang, only 250 words now? That means you#8217;re going to answer the question succinctly, right? Right! The career goals should be a natural outgrowth of what you#8217;ve done to date. That doesn#8217;t mean that your goals must be only case on training and development with questions, a continuation of your current career.
You can certainly pursue something very new and review, different through the advantage of the Ross MBA. But it should be fairly obvious how you#8217;re qualified and thesis electric fan, capable to go do this new thing, based on your background – and Essay 2 is where to make the case for that. Your short-term goal in review particular shouldn#8217;t be such a radical departure from practice writing sentence everything you#8217;ve ever done before that your reader becomes skeptical in seeing how you#8217;ll pull it off. The way you tie these pieces together will be important. (Wanna know how to do that? We go into lots and lots of review, details in the Ross app guide!) Plus, here#8217;s the May 2015 announcement from the Ross adcom on research on legalization of drugs, these questions again that#8217;s from last year with perhaps the best essay-writing advice we#8217;ve ever heard from an adcom: #8220;You can even start with, “I am most proud of….'#8221; (hint: one of the worst and also most common mistakes is not answering the review, question yes it happens all the time). Starting your essay with a direct statement like that, that incorporates the question in it, is a wise move indeed. Ross got 30% more apps in two years#8217; ago Round 2 and we heard that 2016#8217;s Round 2 was also high for them as was this past Round 1 in case on training and development Fall 2016.
For Round 2 2017, the admissions team will be traveling around to conduct interviews and the Team Exercise in Delhi, Shanghai, and Tokyo and you can do it in Ann Arbor too, of course, or you have the option of interviewing locally with an alum, pretty much anywhere you are in the world. However, we suggest that you plan to attend one of these four locations so that you can participate in the Team Exercise (HIGHLY recommended) . Review? Expect Round 2 interviews to go out in two waves in January with the interviews / team exercise happening in February (if you do not get the interview invitation in the second wave, you#8217;re either going to be waitlisted or denied; this year in Round 2 they are officially releasing all no-go candidates on case study on training and development questions, February 17th, though there#8217;s still a chance that you get an offer then to stick around on the waitlist even if they#8217;re not asking you to review of films, interview yet). [end discussion of writing sentence, 2016 questions.] Click to review of films, view 2015 questions. Hey @MichiganRoss: Your Essay #1 is writing sentence worded differently in your app and on your blog announcement. Is and review, why? in an essay notes or out this year? After we sent them that today (8/28/15), Ross updated their website Essay section to reflect the review, same version of their question as they have in the app, as noted below. Honestly, the #8220;why#8221; should be pretty obvious through the way you answer the question, so our advice is to consider the prompt unchanged! Two questions plus an optional essay: What are you most proud of and why? How does it shape who you are today? (400 words) What is your desired career path and why? (400 words) Woo-hoo! A school resurrects a career goals question after having ditched it in a thesis sentence past years! This makes EssaySnark very happy particularly when Ross had to review, communicate to candidates last year, after they had no essay asking about goals, that they really do care about notes goals after all and to review of films, please be prepared to discuss them in your interview. That was a little confusing.
The first essay question is near-identical to electric fan, what they had last year except that they#8217;re just asking it once (last year they had the review, same question twice, once asknig for a professional thing, and one asking for a personal thing). (ETA: Thanks to in sanskrit, a sharp-eyed BSer for pointing out that the second question of Essay #1 is review actually worded differently this year. Last year the subquestion was, #8220;What did you learn from in sanskrit that experience?#8221; which is review similar to, but different from, this year#8217;s version. It#8217;s now been corrected!) Pro Tip: EssaySnark strongly recommends presenting a professional story for Ross Essay #1. Obviously it will have to be an important professional experience if you#8217;re going to be able to thesis fan, offer a compelling answer to the second part of the question. [For 2016 obviously this is not the case!! -ES] Here#8217;s the announcement from the Ross adcom on these new questions , from May 2015 with perhaps the of films, best essay-writing advice we#8217;ve ever heard from an adcom: #8220;You can even start with, “I am most proud of….'#8221; (hint: one of the worst and also most common mistakes is not answering the question yes it happens all the time). Starting your essay with a direct statement like that, that incorporates the question in research paper it, is a wise move indeed.
This #8220;5 Things to review of films, Know Before You Submit#8221; post from Soojin Kwon in late September 2015 is also helpful except for that darned inconsistency on case on training and development with questions, what#8217;s important with Essay 1. We#8217;ve updated the Ross SnarkStrategies Guide and these essays questions are perfect to tackle as your first MBA application writing project. Two questions plus an optional essay: What are you most proud of professionally and review of films, why? What did you learn from that experience? (400 words) What are you most proud of personally and why? How does it shape who you are today? (400 words) They#8217;ve gone in a different direction this year! Two simple, straightforward questions, designed to force you to reflect on what#8217;s important and who you are, and communicate that concisely. Electric? A total of review, 800 words for what will essentially be two stories. Great stuff. Paper On Legalization? [end discussion of 2014 questions.] Not much changed in review of films 2013 from practice writing sentence previous year. HINT: They really want to know who you are as a person (this is still true today). Introduce yourself to your future Ross classmates in 100 words or less.
Multi-part question: What about your professional experiences has led you to of films, determine that business school is the case, right next step? (150 words) As you have research MBA programs, what actions have you taken to learn more about review of films Ross and what has led you to believe that Ross is the on training, right MBA program for you? (150 words) What career do you plan to pursue after business school and review of films, why? (150 words) Describe a time in your career when you were frustrated or disappointed. What advice would you give a colleague who was dealing with a similar situation? (400 word maximum) [end discussion of 2013 questions.] Click to view 2012 questions. Here#8217;s the full set of research on legalization of drugs, questions from 2012, in case you want to see where they were coming from before. Note: These questions were not easy! Especially #3. Review? Introduce yourself to your future Ross classmates in 100 words or less.
Describe your career goals. How will an MBA from Ross help you to achieve those goals? Describe a time in your career when you were frustrated or disappointed. What advice would you give to a colleague who was dealing with a similar situation? What are you most passionate about and why? How will this passion positively impact Ross? [end discussion of 2012 questions.] The essays are very important at Michigan. EssaySnark has reviewed a fair number of Ross essays over the years. Here#8217;s a couple from essay friend in sanskrit past seasons for you to check out of films along with Ross-specific essay commentary. Ross is very open about their use of writing a thesis sentence, plagiarism detection software.
We know you#8217;d never be tempted to review of films, stoop to writing a thesis sentence, such low levels, but consider yourself warned: don#8217;t copy essays, for here or for elsewhere. Of Films? We found a BSer#8217;s 2013 school visit report that#8217;s worth sharing: Go Blue! from Boots to thesis electric, Suits applicant blog April 2013. The 2016 Ross guide will help you figure out the best topics to cover, including some tips to keep in mind for a holistic strategy across essays, resume, and the single recommendation. We cover the of films, group interview format that Ross adopted several years ago too, and on criticism, advice on whether or not to use the optional essay for this school.
There#8217;s actually A LOT of former Brave Supplicants wandering the halls in Ann Arbor every year. We are always careful to of films, protect confidentiality, but one great guy outed himself in his guest post on research paper on legalization of drugs, the blahg. Review? If you end up at Ross, we can tell you for sure that you#8217;ll be surrounded by some truly amazing students. And just to end things on a note of cuteness: 2017 MBA Application Strategy Guides. The 2017 Darden MBA Application Guide - rewritten almost from scratch to help you with the friend in sanskrit, 2017 app! The 2017 Michigan Ross Essay Guide - totally new to review of films, help you with the nine short-answer options and your career goals!
The 2017 MIT Essay Guide with brand-new material on the cover letter and the 'introduce yourself' video. The 2017 Duke Essay Guide - covers the 25 Random Things essay and all the rest too! The 2017 Harvard MBA Application Guide - refreshed with new details and electric, strategies for your Class of 2020 app. Brave Supplicants' latest reviews on The 'Snark. I think that the reviewer raised a lot of good points, but a) three pages of feedback on a 250 word . As a re-applicant, I knew I needed considerable improvement to my pitch in order to review, maximize my . What were we snarking about at this time in research on legalization of drugs past years? 2016 : ($) The challenges of review, interviewing with a student compared to an alum 2016 : Round 2 Countdown has started 2016 : Being prepared for an essay, your MBA interview 2015 : ($) The wanderer wants to review, use bschool to find a new path.
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clever essay title A Case Study of Medieval Japan through Art: Samurai Life in Medieval Japan. Medieval Japan: An Introductory Essay. by Ethan Segal, Michigan State University. Medieval Japan may call to mind honorable sword-wielding samurai and review stealthy ninja assassins.
These figures, often seen in popular movies and games about pre-modern Japan, are only loosely based on argumentative genetic testing reality. In fact, many different types of people helped shape the medieval period. Over 400 years, from the late twelfth to the late sixteenth centuries, emperors and priests, women and merchants, poets and playwrights, and, of course, samurai created a complex yet fascinating society. Review Of Films. Samurai governments administered the country in tandem with the older imperial administration. Warriors’ rise to power led to an increase in violence, and by the mid-fifteenth century, warfare was constant. But other aspects of society flourished in case on training spite of the breakdown in civil order. Buddhism enjoyed the strong support of both samurai and commoners. Such new cultural traditions as the tea ceremony became popular.
The arrival of Europeans in the sixteenth century forced the Japanese to change their view of the world. The term medieval may seem curious, since it was originally applied to European history. It described a “middle” period between the fall of the Roman Empire and the start of the review of films Renaissance. During this period, central government was weak and society was divided among feudal rulers. Sixteenth-century Japan was divided among warlords known as daimy#333; , and Europeans who visited Japan at that time felt it resembled medieval Europe.
Early twentieth-century Japanese scholars also saw these similarities. They adopted the term medieval to describe the period when Japanese imperial authority was weak and warriors played an important role in governing society. These were the years of Japan’s first two warrior governments: the Kamakura (1185-1333) and the Muromachi (1336-1573) shogunates. What were those warriors like? What roles did they play in Japanese history? To answer these questions, we must turn to the creation of friend, Japan’s first warrior government in the 1180s. As late as the 1170s, no one could have guessed that warriors led by the Minamoto clan were about to establish an independent government. Most warriors served as middle-level officials in the provinces, working as managers on government-owned public lands or on private estates ( sh#333;en ). They owed their positions to central government aristocrats and powerful temples. If a warrior disobeyed his superiors, he would be labeled a rebel and his lands given to rivals. Review Of Films. Thus, for most of the twelfth century, imperial officials controlled the warriors. By 1179, Kiyomori had made himself a virtual dictator.
In 1180 he forced the imperial court to make his grandson (the child of his daughter who had married an emperor) the next emperor. That same year, a disgruntled imperial prince, upset that he had been passed over for the throne, issued a call-to-arms. Yoritomo, exiled head of the Minamoto clan (and now an adult), mobilized warriors to argumentative essay genetic testing join him in attacking the review of films Taira. The Minamoto and practice a thesis Taira fought the review of films length of the practice writing country for five years in a conflict known as the Genpei War. When the Taira were finally defeated, Yoritomo went on to found Japan’s first warrior government.
The real significance of the war, however, was the warriors’ first steps toward independence from the review of films imperial government. Yoritomo convinced many eastern warriors to follow him by case questions promising to guarantee their lands and jobs. As a result, warriors who felt insecure under the old system chose to join the Minamoto, even if they were not actually part of the Minamoto clan. In many cases, their local rivals joined the Taira side (even though they weren’t members of the review of films Taira family) just to oppose them. So the Genpei War was, more than anything, about warriors asserting themselves against neighbors and thesis electric fan the central government. The imperial court, at a loss to stop such violence, turned to review of films the only warrior capable of practice writing a thesis, restoring peace: Yoritomo. In exchange for helping to bring order to the countryside, Yoritomo secured authorization for of films, his own warrior government in the eastern city of Kamakura. His government is known as the Kamakura bakufu or shogunate.
Its primary duties included supervising warriors and deciding lawsuits. Yoritomo rewarded loyal warriors by appointing them as jit#333; (military land stewards) on private estates. These jit#333; served as police and research tax collectors. While jit#333; worked on individual estates, Yoritomo later began appointing other warriors as shugo (military governors) over entire provinces. Review. Shugo investigated major crimes (such as murder or treason), summoned warriors for guard duty, and collected information for Kamakura. Yoritomo himself held several titles, including shogun. Later that title would be passed on to the head of the warrior government. When Yoritomo died in 1199, his sons succeeded him, but they proved to be weak leaders.
Real power was maintained by the family of Yoritomo’s wife, H#333;j#333; Masako. Together with her father and brother, Masako created the position of regent for the shogun. Male members of the H#333;j#333; family served as regents from 1203 until 1333. Masako herself was never regent, but she was a very influential person wielded much authority in Kamakura. For much of the thirteenth century, the Kamakura government kept the peace. It never eliminated the imperial government in Kyoto, but instead shared power. Kamakura managed warrior affairs while Kyoto supervised the aristocracy, temples, and civilians.
The bakufu also created an advanced legal system. Trials relied on testimony, cross-examination, written documents, and precedent. Outcomes could be appealed. On Training With. Although it was a warrior government, great energy went into review, keeping warriors off the battlefield. In 1221, however, a retired emperor tried to on best in sanskrit muster an army to destroy Kamakura. Of Films. His forces were defeated and he was exiled, leaving the research warrior government even stronger. Another threat came in the late 1260s, when the Mongol leader Kubilai Khan tried to intimidate the Japanese into submitting to his empire.
Japan’s warriors rejected Kubilai’s diplomatic efforts, so Mongol-led armies attempted to invade Japan in 1274 and 1281. Review Of Films. In each case, samurai defenders fought off the invaders with some help from typhoons. Because the thesis electric Japanese believed the bad weather was sent by the gods to of films defend Japan, they called those storms kamikaze (divine winds). Samurai of the Kamakura Period. Medieval war tales and research of drugs other accounts tell us a lot about the early samurai. Leading warriors were usually mounted archers. Although they carried swords, they valued the bow and arrow over other weapons. These samurai were quite independent. They supplied their own weapons, armor, provisions, and attendants. There was no “samurai code” at this time, and you can find tales of bravery as well as treachery among Kamakura warriors. Many fought in order to review of films earn fame and rewards.
For that reason, they often wore distinctiveeven colorfularmor and clothing to enable others to easily recognize them. Warriors were witnesses for each other so that reports of battlefield valor could be confirmed and brave warriors rewarded. Consider, for example, the personal account of a thesis sentence, Takezaki Suenaga, a samurai who fought against the Mongols. Review. In his version of essay genetic testing, events, he makes no mention of fighting to review of films defend Japan. Instead, he fought to make a name for himself, be witnessed, and argumentative essay earn rewards. Since most battles were fought between Japanese, it was relatively easy to reward the review winnersthey would receive the property or positions of the case study questions losers. But the review Mongol invasions proved much more challenging. Kamakura’s samurai fought off the invaders, but they did not capture any Mongol lands they could claim as rewards. Meanwhile, the economy started to expand, and many warriors found themselves in case on training and development financial difficulties. Some had to use their lands as collateral to borrow money.
If they failed to repay loans, they had to forfeit their property. At the same time, the H#333;j#333; family took advantage of the invasion crisis to further solidify its own hold on government, excluding members of other warrior families from top positions. These problems led many samurai to become increasingly frustrated with Kamakura by the early fourteenth century. New Directions in Buddhism. Religion underwent significant growth and change during Japan’s medieval period.
The major Buddhist temples and review of films Shint#333; shrines controlled estates in the provinces. In earlier times, they relied on the taxes from those estates for much of essay, their income. Review Of Films. Samurai, however, started interfering with temples’ ability to collect tax income. Paper. As estate taxes became increasingly unreliable, religious houses needed to find additional sources of income. Some sects, such as Pure Land Buddhism, found new ways to appeal to the common people. Of Films. Others, such as Zen, gained popularity among the essay on best friend warriors. Of course, religious thought also played an important role in the evolution of Japanese Buddhism. Many people believed in the cycle of rebirth (reincarnation) as a form of cosmic justice. Depending on how you had lived your previous life, your soul might be reborn into better or worse circumstances.
The goal was for each person to attain enlightenment ( nirvana ) and be freed from the cycle of rebirth. However, another influential idea was that Japan had entered mapp#333; , the final days of the law. Mapp#333; was a degenerate age in which the teachings of the historical Buddha were so distant that people were no longer able to fully comprehend them. Therefore, it was almost impossible for individuals to achieve enlightenment on their own. For many Japanese, medieval warfare and the breakdown of civil order were proof that they were living in degenerate times. One response was Pure Land Buddhism. Pure Land came from the review of films teachings of practice sentence, a religious reformer named H#333;nen. Review. Unlike the Buddhist establishment, H#333;nen saw little value to study in on criticism the age of mapp#333; . Of Films. He taught his followers to thesis electric place complete faith in the Buddha Amida.
Amida had vowed to save others before achieving enlightenment. Thus, Pure Land practitioners believed that by review repeatedly expressing their faith in him, they would be reborn into Amida’s western paradise. Anyone could say the phrase (known as the nembutsu ) that professed beliefyears of training were not requiredso Pure Land became quite popular among common people. Shinran, one of H#333;nen’s students, took this logic a step further. He claimed that repeating the nembutsu was unnecessary, since that still meant that salvation depended on individual effort. True faith in Amida’s mercy was the only hope for mankind. Therefore, according to Shinran, one absolutely sincere expression of essay in sanskrit, belief was all that was necessary. His teachings became True Pure Land Buddhism and of films gained widespread acceptance, especially among the peasantry.
Nichiren was another important Buddhist who taught that salvation came through faith. A nationalist, he taught that, although Buddhism had originated in India, it would achieve its highest form in Japan. He valued the notes Lotus Sutra above all other Buddhist scriptures. Nichiren openly criticized other Buddhist schools and was very dogmatic; this led to his eventual exile. But his conviction won him followers, and his sect remains popular in Japan even today. Zen Buddhism also won acceptance in Japan during the medieval period. It was based on Chinese Ch’an Buddhism, and the great Japanese Zen priests Eisai and D#333;gen both trained in China.
The faith they brought back to Japan promoted meditation ( zazen ) and the contemplation of questions with no logical answers ( k#333;an ) as paths to enlightenment. The emphasis on self-reliance and discipline appealed to many warriors, and the samurai became some of Zen’s most loyal patrons. The warrior capital of Kamakura contained many Buddhist temples, some of which still stand today. A major shrine, dedicated to the Shint#333; war deity, was built at the heart of the city. Numerous Zen temples were constructed during the thirteenth century. Women were just as involved as men, and one famous temple, T#333;keiji, became a site of refuge for women seeking divorces. The proliferation of temples reflected sincere religious devotion, but the review of films dedication in 1252 of a bronze Buddha figure over 40 feet high was surely also intended to rival the great Buddha at T#333;daiji Temple in Nara. The building that housed the Kamakura Buddha was swept away by a tidal wave in a thesis the late fifteenth century, but the bronze figure remains, sitting outside ever since. Poetry remained the most important literary form. Members of the imperial court were the best educated and most skilled, but samurai also began to take an interest.
The third shogun, Sanetomo, was considered a very skillful poet. His teacher, the courtier Fujiwara Teika, compiled one of Japan’s greatest imperial poetry collections, the Shinkokinsh#363; . Prose literary works reflected the Buddhist influence of the medieval age. The Tale of the Heike was the most popular. It described the Genpei War and the Taira clan’s downfall. Its stories are quite exciting and review of films seem to offer an intriguing view of an essay on criticism notes, twelfth-century warfare. Review. But the tale cannot be read as an thesis fan, accurate account of the war. Of Films. Buddhist chanters composed the tale many decades after the war had ended. They sang it as they played biwa (stringed instruments similar to lutes) to illustrate Buddhist themes of impermanence and show how the mighty will fall. Similar themes can be found in Kamo no Ch#333;mei’s philosophical essay, “An Account of My Hut.” Few works by essay genetic testing women have survived. Review Of Films. A notable exception is the memoir of Lady Nij#333;, a court attendant.
Her work is lively, frank, colorful, and offers a valuable view of case study and development with, life in Kyoto and the provinces. Painting and sculpture reflected the influential roles of Buddhism and the samurai in society. Illustrated scrolls ( emaki ) used pictures to show how temples were founded and how violent conflicts destroyed parts of Kyoto. Takezaki Suenaga, the samurai mentioned above who fought against the Mongols, even commissioned an illustrated scroll to review tell his tale. Another important art form was raig#333; , paintings that showed Amida welcoming people who had just died to his western paradise. The influential Kei school of sculptors used graphic realism in their work. Their famous guardians at T#333;daiji look quite intimidating, even hyper-masculine, with detailed bulging muscles, fierce expressions, and crystals set in the eyes to make them look real.
Kamakura’s Demise and the Muromachi Bakufu. The Muromachi bakufu was never as stable as Kamakura had been. The shogun was not powerful enough to in sanskrit rule the country by his own force of arms. Eastern Japan and the island of Ky#363;sh#363 were both semi-autonomous. The shogun’s authority was contingent on his maintaining the support of a strong coalition of shugo . These shugo were much more powerful than their Kamakura period predecessors. Their posts were now hereditary, and one individual could rule more than one province at a time. They also had the review of films right to genetic levy special taxes on review estates to friend cover their military expenditures. Three of the most powerful shugo familiesthe Hosokawa, Hatakeyama, and Shibaalternated in serving as deputy shogun ( kanrei ), a position designed to help mediate between the shogun and review of films his shugo . Yet the shugo needed the legitimacy that they gained from the an essay shogun’s support to help them fend off local warriors in the provinces under their control. Yoshimitsu is widely recognized as the strongest and most successful Ashikaga shogun. He ended the of films warfare of the divided imperial court and crushed those shugo who opposed him. On Best Friend In Sanskrit. He reopened diplomatic relations and official trade with China.
Yoshimitsu was an accomplished poet and a great sponsor of the arts. His patronage of review, a particular performing troupe helped give birth to Noh theatre. He also is case study on training and development with credited with constructing the Golden Pavilion, one of Japan’s most famous medieval buildings. Yoshimitsu took it over as a retirement villa in the 1390s, covering it with real gold leaf (it is part of a Zen temple today). His other great construction project, the review Palace of Flowers, reflected Yoshimitsu’s ambitions to outdo, and essay testing perhaps replace, the emperor. The shogun’s palace was built across the review street from the imperial palace but was twice as large and practice a thesis sentence far more sumptuous. Perhaps Yoshimitsu’s most controversial decision was to accept the review of films title “king of Japan” from the Chinese emperor. Paper On Legalization. In the Chinese view of foreign relations, only one ruler could have the title “emperor,” and that was the emperor of China. Other rulers had lesser titles, such as king. When Yoshimitsu attempted to re-establish formal relations and trade with China, he agreed to take the title king of Japan. Many Japanese of the time objected since it implied that Japan was subordinate to China.
Yoshimitsu’s motives are not entirely clear. Some suggest that he did this in of films order to essay genetic testing bolster his legitimacy at home. Review. Others think that he was so eager to thesis electric fan trade with the Chinese that he ignored the review political implications of the title. Another theory is that he hoped to monopolize foreign relations as part of his plan to replace the Japanese imperial family with his own line. Yoshimitsu died before he could realize any plans to replace the imperial family, and his son backed away from his father’s bold policies. But shogunal authority remained strong until 1441, when the sixth shogun, Yoshinori, was assassinated. After Yoshinori, only the eighth shogun, Yoshimasa, stands out as a memorable figure. He ruled for over 20 years and was a great sponsor of the writing a thesis sentence arts, including Noh theatre and the tea ceremony. Review Of Films. He built the Silver Pavilion, another important cultural property in Kyoto, but plans to cover the villa with silver leaf were never carried out. Yoshimasa may have matched his grandfather Yoshimitsu’s flair for architecture and argumentative genetic testing the arts, but he lacked Yoshimitsu’s skill at politics.
It was during Yoshimasa’s tenure as shogun that an 11-year civil war broke out, heralding the end of strong central government in Japan for over a century. Muromachi Arts and Culture. In earlier times, the of films arts were dominated by the emperor and his courtiers. This changed in the Muromachi period, however, as other groups brought new ideas to the cultural landscape. Many samurai, now living in Kyoto, developed a taste for the arts. Elite warriors joined aristocrats in sponsoring painters, playwrights, poets, and other men of talent. On Criticism Notes. The growth of trade and the economy enabled merchants to participate in review the world of an essay, culture too. As the unstable political situation brought men of different classes together, aristocrats, warriors, and merchants interacted to create new cultural traditions. Previously unthinkable mixingsuch as a nobleman renowned for his calligraphy collaborating with a painter of humble originsled to some of the of films great art of the Muromachi period. Warriors, including the Ashikaga shoguns, became important patrons of the arts.
They hosted lavish parties at which the attendees participated in linked verse poetry competitions or contests to distinguish among similar things ( monoawase ). Tea was also quite popular. Eisai, who founded an important Zen sect, is credited with having made tea popular in Japan. By the fourteenth century, warriors were hosting tea parties in large banquet halls in order to display their prized Chinese tea implements. Merchants responded by favoring native Japanese wares. The grass-hut style of serving tea, which we associate with the tea ceremony, emerged in case study on training and development questions the fifteenth century. It is attributed to Murata Shuk#333;, who may have served tea for Ashikaga Yoshimasa. He and other late medieval tea masters emphasized simplicity, humility, and self-awareness. Properly serving tea demanded discipline and offered spiritual fulfillment, resembling Zen practices. Review Of Films. People began to speak of friend in sanskrit, a Way of Tea. The most famous master, Sen no Riky#363;, came from a merchant family but taught tea to the great warlord Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
Riky#363; served tea in a small, rustic hut. Review Of Films. The entranceway was purposefully tiny so that everyone, regardless of status, had to crawl inside. All participants were required to prepare and serve the tea. Riky#363;’s student, however, saw things differently. Eager to case study on training with questions display his wealth and power, Hideyoshi had his own tea hut gilded in gold. Noh theater was another new cultural tradition that benefited from review, samurai patronage.
It drew upon many performing traditions, including court comics and peasant farm songs. In the late fourteenth century, Kan’ami’s troupe attracted the notice of Ashikaga Yoshimitsu. Kan’ami and his son, Ze’ami, became two of in sanskrit, Noh’s most important playwrights. Noh performances incorporate spoken dialogue, dancing, and music. Few props are used. Of Films. An actor might simply state that he is leaving for a long journey and, with a few stamps of his feet, quickly announce that he has arrived. Writing A Thesis Sentence. The plays generally illustrate such Buddhist themes as the dangers of pride or lingering attachment.
The main character might be a once-beautiful old woman who cannot forget her youth, or the ghost of a warrior who cannot let go of his military glory. Other plays centered on Buddhist priests overcoming demons. Of Films. Often several plays were performed over the course of a full day, with short comic pieces called ky#333;gen staged between the research paper on legalization major Noh plays. The Medieval Japanese Economy. The Japanese enjoyed a growing economy during the medieval period. Markets began to develop around the country. These were often at of films crossroads or near rivers so that sellers could easily bring their goods to argumentative testing the markets.
They also were often located near temples in hopes of avoiding interference from political or military figures. In the Kamakura period, markets met infrequently. For example, they might be opened only on days ending in fours (i.e., the review of films 4th, 14th, and research 24th of the month) or another number. But over time, markets became increasingly common and were open on more days of the month. Improvements in review agriculture also contributed to the expanding economy. New strains of rice better resisted drought and disease. Improved fertilizers allowed double cropping of fields, and better irrigation techniques helped farmers produce more. Practice Sentence. In addition, the spread of metallic money made it easier for review, estates to sell extra produce in on best the marketplaces. Starting in the twelfth century, Japanese began importing copper-alloy coins from China. The round coins had square holes in the middle so they could be strung together in units of review, 1,000 for large purchases.
Metallic money had several advantages over rice, silk, or other goods the Japanese used as money in Heian times. Coins were easier to transport, more durable, and genetic testing rarely led to disputes over quality. By the Muromachi period, most urban residents used coins. Even many rural estates paid their taxes in cash. The Ashikaga shoguns’ desire for more coins played an important role in the re-opening of formal relations with China in the fifteenth century. The Muromachi bakufu , and review later several major temples and writing a thesis daimy#333; , sent merchant ships to review China in in sanskrit hopes of obtaining copper coins. In exchange, the Japanese sold raw materials including lumber and review sulfur, some finished art objects such as lacquerware, and swords and armor. Chinese officials regulated the trade by requiring Japanese boats to carry government-issued tallies; merchant vessels without the tallies were turned away from Chinese ports. On the whole, merchants did well during the medieval period.
The breakdown in central authority may have reduced the power of political authorities to tax and regulate them. In some cases, such as the city of Sakai, merchants were able to form their own communities and even enjoy a limited form of electric fan, self-government. Women’s Status in Medieval Japan. Over the course of the medieval period, women seem to have lost many rights. Of Films. In ancient times, women served as rulers. By the Heian period, women had few official roles in government, but aristocratic women were educated, could own and manage property, and could choose their own heirs. Married couples often lived at the home of the wife’s family or maintained two residences; the wife’s family usually helped raise the children. Case Study On Training And Development With. Female writers of the Heian period created some of pre-modern Japan’s greatest works of review of films, prose and poetry. But conditions gradually began to change. In the early Kamakura period, women of essay, samurai families held jit#333; posts.
As violence became more common, however, women were no longer allowed to review of films hold warrior posts or manage their own property. And as land became increasingly difficult to on criticism notes acquire, families began bequeathing property to only one heir, usually the eldest son. Married women were expected to join the family of their husbands. Lady Nij#333;’s memoir from the early fourteenth century is review of films one of the last important literary works by a woman of the medieval period. Essay. Not even Buddhism offered much hope, since most Buddhist sects taught that women faced more obstacles to enlightenment than men. By the end of the medieval period, women retained almost none of the rights they had enjoyed earlier. The #332;nin War and the Age of of films, Warring States.
From 1467 to 1477, rival coalitions of powerful samurai fought in a protracted conflict known as the #332;nin War. The violence began when leading shugo families supported different candidates to succeed Yoshimasa as shogun (as well as for some other important posts). The violence centered on study on training with Kyoto, and much of the city was destroyed during the war. Review Of Films. After some time, the issues became irrelevant, as seen by practice writing a thesis leading warrior families on each side switching to support other candidates. Yoshimasa felt that the shugo were beyond his control and, rather than make serious efforts to stop the conflict, he retired to his villa to enjoy the arts. The war solved nothing and review left all central government institutions extremely weak. By the late fifteenth century, the shogun had little real power outside of the central Japanese provinces that he directly controlled. The last century of the Muromachi period, from the notes #332;nin War to 1573, is of films known as the Age of Warring States.
During this time, provincial and and development with regional warlords known as daimy#333; dominated Japan. Review. Some daimy#333; families had formerly been shugo , others had been lieutenants or deputies, and some were truly self-made men who had risen through the ranks. These new warlords differed from case study with, shugo in that they did not owe anything to the shogun or emperor. Review. During the Warring States period, warlords could only claim authority over lands they could actually defend. Practice Writing Sentence. They had to be continually vigilant against their neighbors as well as their subordinates.
The age is sometimes characterized by the term gekokuj#333; , which means the lower replacing the higher (or those of humble origins replacing their superiors). Review Of Films. This period, perhaps more than any other, seemed to resemble the feudalism of medieval Europe. Central authority was weak and divided, men survived by thesis electric fan strength of arms, and warlords rewarded loyal samurai with appointments and lands. Portuguese sailors blown off course in review the mid-sixteenth century were the first Europeans to argumentative essay set foot in Japan. Review Of Films. The Spanish soon followed, and eventually the study and development with questions Dutch and the British found their way to Japan too.
European merchants established a flourishing trade by buying and review selling goods amongst the various Asian nations. Missionaries also came to thesis electric Japan, hoping to convert the Japanese to Christianity. They enjoyed some success in the southwestern island of Ky#363;sh#363;, where a few daimy#333; became Catholic and ordered those living in their domains to convert as well. The Europeans were strange curiosities to the Japanese, and of films folding-screens of themknown as namban by#333;bu show them as Japanese artists saw them, with balloon pants, high frill collars, long noses, and people of color attending them as slaves. Christianity did not last in Japan. Practice Writing Sentence. Opposition by Hideyoshi and Ieyasu (see below) led to the persecution and review elimination of argumentative genetic, most Christians by the early seventeenth century.
But the review Europeans did affect Japanese society. First, they introduced new shipbuilding techniques, firearms, eyeglasses, mechanical clocks, and other devices. Second, Europe’s existence forced the and development Japanese to review of films change their view of the world. Maps from the practice a thesis time reflect the shift from seeing a world including only Japan, China, and review India to seeing one extending far beyond Asia. Third, interest in that world led Japanese merchants to begin trading in Southeast Asia. Some Japanese even emigrated, establishing communities in the Philippines, Cambodia, Siam (Thailand), and notes Annam (Vietnam). From Medieval to Early Modern Japan.
Three warlords succeeded in unifying the of films country and bringing an end to the violence of the thesis electric Warring States period. They are often referred to as the “three unifiers”Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and Tokugawa Ieyasu. Nobunaga ruled a small domain in central Japan, but his brilliance as a strategist enabled him to defeat much larger armies. He was the first warlord to successfully use firearms to win a battle. His innovations in castle development also led to the emergence of grand Japanese castles, with stone ramparts, donjons (central structures), and more. In 1573 he took Kyoto but kicked out the last Ashikaga shogun, bringing the Muromachi bakufu to an inglorious end. Many believe that only Nobunaga’s assassination at the hands of of films, a vassal in 1582 kept him from bringing the whole country under his rule.
Hideyoshi came from a peasant family, but rose through the essay testing ranks to become one of Nobunaga’s top generals. He avenged his lord’s death and finished the job of unifying the country. Review Of Films. However, Hideyoshi did not succeed through force alone. Research Of Drugs. He used marriage alliances, political treaties, and other means to secure his position and bring peace to the country. Many of his policies paved the way for early modern growth and stability. For example, he carried out of films new land surveys so that proper rates of taxation could be determined. He also ordered all peasants to turn over their weapons, creating for the first time a sharp distinction between warriors and farmers.
In his later years, Hideyoshi set out to conquer China. When the King of Korea refused to help him, Hideyoshi sent armies of samurai to invade Korea. Notes. The result was the devastation of the Korean peninsula. Review Of Films. The Japanese invasion was only called off upon Hideyoshi’s death in electric fan 1598. Ieyasu had been allied with each of the two previous unifiers, but his patience (and long life!) clearly proved a great asset. In 1600 he maneuvered warlords loyal to Hideyoshi’s young son into a major battle at Sekigahara. Ieyasu’s forces won that battle, making him the most powerful daimy#333; in Japan. In 1603 he was proclaimed shogun and established the review last of Japan’s major warrior governments, the study on training with Tokugawa (or Edo) bakufu . The unifiers’ policies, and the peace that followed in review the seventeenth century, led to sentence profound changes in review of films Japanese society and the start of what most scholars refer to as the early modern period.
Copyright 2008 Program for Teaching East Asia, University of Colorado. Essay On Best Friend In Sanskrit. Permission is given to reproduce this essay for classroom use only. Other reproduction is prohibited without written permission from the Program for Teaching East Asia.